- ★☆peko☆★Lv 42 0 年前最佳解答
Celebrating Christmas: A Visit With St. Nicholas Birth of Legend
Christmas celebrates the birth of Christ, the Nativity of the babe in the manger whom Christians believe was the Son of the God. Indeed, the very word Christmas means “Christ festival”. Yet there can be little doubt that for many is Santa Claus-not Jesus-Who is the human face of Christmas. In fact, it is fair to say that in much of the world, Santa is better know that the Christ who give his name to the holiday. The truth is that like the Christmas story itself, the story of St. Nicholas is a composite of history, myth, and legend. According to tradition, Nicholas was born in Asia Minor (Modern-day Turdey) in about A.D.270.When young, traveled to Palestine and Egypt. Not long afterward, he becomes a bishop. During the Roman emperor Diocletian’s bloody persecution of Christmas in 303 , Nicholas was imprisoned. However, when Constantine the Great became emperor in 306 , he legalized Christianity and made it the official religion of the Roman Empire .Nicholas was freed. The scribes tell us that Nicholas’ prayers and leadership during the great tribulation led many to be Christmas. Nicholas continued to serve as bishop for many years. On December 6,343,Nicholas the man died, and St. Nicholas the legend was born.
A legend transformed
During his lifetime, Nicholas’ reputation for generosity and kindness gave rise to stories of miracles he performed for the poor, the weak-and child. After his death, devotion to Nicholas extended to all parts of Europe. His feast day was celebrated on December 6, but his reputation as a gift-giver latter became attached to the celebration of Christmas on December 25. After the Reformation in the 16th century, Nicholas’ cult disappeared in most protestant countries of Europe. But his legend was united with old Nucleic folktales of a magician who punished naughty children and rewarded good children with presents. In England, he became know as Father Christmas. But in Holland, St. Nicholas’ name and reputation persisted as “Sinter lass". In the 17th century, Dutch colonists took this tradition with them to America. Latter, “Sinter lass, was adopted by the English-speaking majority as “Santa Claus”. The resulting image of a “jolly old elf” diving a slewing with “eight tiny reindeer” crystallized in the 19th century. That was when clement Moore wrote the now-famous poem “A Visit Form St. Nick.” And the red-and-white suit? That was created by a Coca-Coca adman in the 1930s. Although greatly commercialized, the modern Santa Claus still embodies St. Nicholas’ generosity and love for children. And for some, he still points to the Nativity of the babe in the manger, and reminds us of the reason we celebrate Christmas.
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