英文文章翻中文(20點)

Nevertheless, dismissing the bank’s latest study would be a mistake. It sets out a persuasive and balanced case for re-thinking what globalisation has delivered so far, alongside proposals for extending the benefits to those who have so far missed out. The Bank freely acknowledges that there have been winners and... 顯示更多 Nevertheless, dismissing the bank’s latest study would be a mistake. It sets out a persuasive and balanced case for re-thinking what globalisation has delivered so far, alongside proposals for extending the benefits to those who have so far missed out. The Bank freely acknowledges that there have been winners and losers: 3 billion people live in developing countries that have seen their living standards rise sharply in the past 20 years, but another 2 billion are in countries which are getting poorer. It no longer makes sense, the report argues, to divide the world into rich countries and poor. Now there are three groups of countries-the rich, the new “globalisers” in the developing world, and a third group of countries who are much less integrated into the world economy. This third group is what worries the World Bank, since it comprises countries that are getting steadily poorer, both in absolute and relative terms, and that are increasingly marginalized.  The report also contains a stark reminder that globalisation is not inevitable. It points out that the first wave of globalisation, from 1870-1914 saw the share of world trade double to nearly 8% of world income: yet after two world wars, and the beggar-thy-neighbour trade policies of the 1930s Depression, world trade shrank back, as a proportion of world income, to its 1870 level by the late 1940s. The second wave of globalisation, from 1945-1980, was confined largely to the rich industrial countries.
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