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西元 1620年，五月花號 (The Mayflower) 載著大約有大人和小孩共一百多人的英國清教徒 (Pilgrims) 在現在麻薩諸塞州的普利斯敦登陸，而當年的寒冬讓他們受盡苦難，到春天來臨，只剩下50多人存活。春季來臨後，得到印地安人給予協助，而有了較好的豐收。為感謝上帝及印地安人朋友，清教徒門每年舉行感恩歡慶，在黎明時鳴放禮炮，列隊走進教堂，點起舞火舉行盛宴。到了1789年華盛頓總統就職聲明中宣佈，11月26日星期四為感恩節，以鼓勵美國人發揚祖先感恩精神，成為美國正式節日。後來在 1863 年美國總統林肯，宣布每年十一月最後一個星期四為感恩節假期；之後感恩節的日期也經過幾次變動，至1941年經過國會通過，開始改回每年11月第四個星期四為感恩節。在美國和加拿大都會過感恩節 (Thanksgiving Day) ，但不是同一天。今年(2001)的感恩節 Thanksgiving Day，美國是十一月二十二日。加拿大是十月八日。
每個家庭都會為了感恩節，之前就開始忙碌採購了，除了要準備豐盛的大餐之外，也要準備一些感恩節的裝飾，像是小型的南瓜和彩色玉米，就是很應景的裝飾物。很多家庭在感恩節當天早上會先上教堂，接著回到家裡從中午或下午就開始享用豐盛的火雞大餐，除了家人團聚話家常之外，還有個重要活動就是－大家一起觀賞美式足球比賽。到了晚餐時分如果肚子餓，就把剩下來的火雞肉做成三明治，或是用火雞肉做成火雞肉派，或是把 Stuffing 和火雞肉做成烤菜，這也是把一隻大火雞吃光的其他方法。
What is the origin of America's annual Thanksgiving Day?
The Pilgrims left Plymouth, England, on September 6, 1620. Their destination? The New World. Although filled with uncertainty and peril, it offered both civil and religious liberty.
For over two months, the 102 passengers braved the harsh elements of a vast storm-tossed sea. Finally, with firm purpose and a reliance on Divine Providence, the cry of "Land!" was heard.
Arriving in Massachusetts in late November, the Pilgrims sought a suitable landing place. On December 11, just before disembarking at Plymouth Rock, they signed the "Mayflower Compact" - America's first document of civil government and the first to introduce self-government.
After a prayer service, the Pilgrims began building hasty shelters. However, unprepared for the starvation and sickness of a harsh New England winter, nearly half died before spring. Yet, persevering in prayer, and assisted by helpful Indians, they reaped a bountiful harvest the following summer.
The grateful Pilgrims then declared a three-day feast, starting on December 13, 1621, to thank God and to celebrate with their Indian friends. While this was not the first Thanksgiving in America (thanksgiving services were held in Virginia as early as 1607), it was America's first Thanksgiving Festival.
Pilgrim Edward Winslow described the Pilgrims' Thanksgiving in these words:
"Our harvest being gotten in, our Governor sent four men on fowling [bird hunting] so that we might, after a special manner, rejoice together after we had gathered the fruit of our labors. They four in one day killed as much fowl as... served the company almost a week... Many of the Indians [came] amongst us and... their greatest King, Massasoit, with some ninety men, whom for three days we entertained and feasted; and they went out and killed five deer, which they brought... And although it be not always so plentiful as it was at this time with us, yet BY THE GOODNESS OF GOD WE ARE... FAR FROM WANT."
In 1789, following a proclamation issued by President George Washington, America celebrated its first Day of Thanksgiving to God under its new constitution. That same year, the Protestant Episcopal Church, of which President Washington was a member, announced that the first Thursday in November would become its regular day for giving thanks, "unless another day be appointed by the civil authorities." Yet, despite these early national proclamations, official Thanksgiving observances usually occurred only at the State level.
Much of the credit for the adoption of a later ANNUAL national Thanksgiving Day may be attributed to Mrs. Sarah Joseph Hale, the editor of Godey's Lady's Book. For thirty years, she promoted the idea of a national Thanksgiving Day, contacting President after President until President Abraham Lincoln responded in 1863 by setting aside the last Thursday of November as a national Day of Thanksgiving. Over the next seventy-five years, Presidents followed Lincoln's precedent, annually declaring a national Thanksgiving Day. Then, in 1941, Congress permanently established the fourth Thursday of each November as a national holiday.
Lincoln's original 1863 Thanksgiving Proclamation came - spiritually speaking - at a pivotal point in his life. During the first week of July of that year, the Battle of Gettysburg occurred, resulting in the loss of some 60,000 American lives. Four months later in November, Lincoln delivered his famous "Gettsysburg Address." It was while Lincoln was walking among the thousands of graves there at Gettysburg that he committed his life to Christ. As he explained to a friend:
When I left Springfield [to assume the Presidency] I asked the people to pray for me. I was not a Christian. When I buried my son, the severest trial of my life, I was not a Christian. But when I went to Gettysburg and saw the graves of thousands of our soldiers, I then and there consecrated myself to Christ.
As Americans celebrate Thanksgiving each year, we hope they will retain the original gratefulness to God displayed by the Pilgrims and many other founding fathers, and remember that it is to those early and courageous Pilgrims that they owe not only the traditional Thanksgiving holiday but also the concepts of self-government, the "hard-work" ethic, self-reliant communities, and devout religious faith.參考資料： 網站