小駿 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 2 0 年前

Ability VS Capability 有何差別

Ability VS Capability 有何差別

3 個解答

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  • 2 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Ability - 能力指工作能力,學習能力等等做事的能力。His learing ability is extremly well.他的學習能力超好的。Capability - 能做多少的潛力指對某件事能做到多好。Do you have the capability of answering 20 questions a day?你有沒有辦法一天回答20個問題?

    參考資料: 剛好路過的我
  • 2 0 年前

    這樣說吧!我們先從它們的形容詞來看,比較好瞭解!

    不過,我今天右手的中指皮膚乾裂,包著透氣膠帶,打字不太方便呢!如果有打錯字...請見諒!一方面我也很久沒有練習一下英文打字了!有點晚了,可能不能仔細校稿!SORRY!

    以下是我一個字、一個字從兩本字典,原原本本地打下來的!教學相長一下!

    因為兩本都是英英字典,沒有例句的中文翻譯,或定義的中文解釋。希望我翻得還好!能讓大家看得懂!(後來看到電腦上顯示的時間...我花了至少30分鐘呢!)

    -------------------以下是able/ ability-------------------------

    Ability:Able, 是指一個人有否「能力」來做某事...

    1992版的New Webster's Dictionary: Able: clever, competent, skilled.

    Ability: skill or power in sufficient quantity;

    也就是說,有技巧或有能力,且有充足的「量」,聰明的。

    Longman 1995版的英英字典:"Dictionary of Contemporary English":

    --- The Complete Guide to Written and Spoken English

    ability: 1-a. something that you are able to do, especially because you have a particular mental or physical skill: 某事物是你能夠做的,特別是因為你有特殊的精神、物理上的技巧。

    ability to do sth.:(例句1-a.)Our ability to think and speak separates us from other mammals.

    (個人中譯)我們在思考與說話的能力,將我們(人類)與其他哺乳類動物,給區別開來了!

    1-b. have the ability to do sth (be able to do something, especially something that most people, machines etc cannot do)

    有能力作某事物,(能夠做事,特別是指大多數人們或機器都不能做的!)

    (例句1-b.)These creatures have the ability to withstand very low temperatures.

    (個人中譯)這些生物們,有能力可以在很低的氣溫下存活。

    1-c. of great/exceptional etc ability (=very good at something) a player of great ability

    No one doubts her abilities as a manager.

    (個人中譯)沒有人懷疑,她的能力是否匹配當一個「經理」。

    2. someone's especially a student's, level of intelligence or skill, especially in school or college work: 某人-特別指學生-的智力程度,技巧-特別指稱在學校或大學裡的事務/工作。

    There are children of all abilities in my class.(個人中譯)在我的班級裡,有各種程度不等兒童們!

    2-a. high/ low/ average ability (=having a high, low etc level of intelligence or skill)

    2-b. mixed ability class - 程度混合分班- (= a classof students with different levels of intelligence)

    3. to do the best of your ability: to do something as well as you can.

    ------------------------------以下是capable/ capability--------------

    Longman 1995版的英英字典(真的Longman的英英字典不錯!我個人很喜歡它!)

    "Dictionary of Contemporary English":

    --- The Complete Guide to Written and Spoken English

    Capability: 1. the natural ability, skill, or power that makes you able to do something

    自然的能力、技巧、力量,使你能夠做某事物。

    例如:a child's language capability.一個孩子的語言能力

    常用語彙(1): capability to do sth. 做某事物的能力。例句:

    A willingness and a capability to change are necessary to meet the market's needs.

    (個人中譯)若要滿足(消費)市場的要求,願意改變與能夠改變--這兩者都是必須的!

    常用語彙(2): beyond sb's capabilities (too difficult for someone)超過某人的能力

    I have a good knowledge of French, but simultaneous translation is beyond my capabilities.

    (個人中譯)我對法文算是很熟悉了,只是「同步口譯」對我而言是超過我能力範圍的了!

    2. the ability that a country has to take a particular kind of military action.

    例如:a nuclear weapons capability.

    Capable: 1. capable of (doing) sth: having the skills, power, intelligence ect needed to do something:

    (例句1.) I don't think Banks is capable of murder. 我不認為銀行「能」謀殺!

    (例句2.)The company isn't capable of handling an order that large.

    這公司沒有「能力」處理這麼大的一筆訂單!

    2. skilled or very good at doning something: (範例):a very capable doctor.

    (個人中譯)指稱很有技巧,很能做某事物:一位「很厲害」的醫生

    Capability: Capable,雖然也是講「能力」,可是比較指著品質上說。

    1992版的New Webster's Dictionary: Capability:able, have many capacities, with the ability for...

    capability: the quality of being capable, ability, ability to be developed, exploited, etc; potentially excellent performance.

    也就是說,有能力,有能力被發展,有可能性。

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    其實兩個字差異不太大....連我這樣查了韋式字典,又查了朗文的現代英英字典(寫作/口語完整指引版),也還只能稍微地知道,究竟這兩個相似的詞,還是有一些無法互相代換使用的場合...像是「能力分班」這個詞彙,就應該使用Ability 此詞!

    願你平安!

    參考資料: Longman 1995版的英英字典:Dictionary of Contemporary English; 1992版的New Webster's Dictionary.
  • hones
    Lv 4
    4 年前

    Ability Vs Capability

    參考資料: https://shrink.im/a0iRX
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