amy_cat 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

中翻英(急20點)

古人也吃口香糖!!

口香糖

歷史

口香糖可是世界上最古老的糖果。考古學家發現,早在有歷史記載以前,人類的先輩就愛咀嚼天然樹脂(resin),從中取樂,這是最原始的“口香糖”。幾千年來,來自不同地域文化的人們都有嚼“膠”的習慣。如古希臘人會用樹脂清理牙齒、確保口腔清新,印地安人愛咀嚼樹幹的液汁,中美洲的馬雅人愛嚼糖膠樹膠(chicle)。

  美國和口香糖有很深的情意結,不只因為口香糖是美國的重要外銷品之一,它還是美國發明史上的一個驕傲。我們今天吃的口香糖,就可追溯到1848年。當時美國的柯帝士(John Curtis)製造了第一個供銷售和經過加工處理的口香糖。1869年,攝影師亞當斯(Thomas Adams)生產了第一個以糖膠樹膠製成的口香糖商品。次年,他推出一種以甘草精調味的口香糖“Black Jack”,並把口香糖從塊狀改為條狀售賣,大受歡迎,至今還可在市場上找到。

  口香糖在1906年發明,不過第一類口香糖卻太黏了,結果賣不出去,直到1928年,製作口香糖的技術終於有所改進,成功打入市場。首批口香糖是粉紅色的,名為“Dubble Bubble”。無糖分口香糖則是在50年代面市。今天製作口香糖的材料主要是糖、糖漿、調味品、軟化劑和膠基。

  對抗之戰

其他地區如何對抗口香糖呢?

中國

  北京天安門從10月24日起,重罰亂吐口香糖殘渣者,罰款額介於20至50元人民幣中國“十·一”國慶日期間,遊客在天安門廣場留下了60萬塊口香糖殘渣。過後,北京市有關部門開始清理廣場地磚上的口香糖污漬,耗資預計達100萬元人民幣

@法國

  在巴黎,亂吐口香糖者可面對180至450歐元的罰款。

種類

  在口味方面,除了有我們熟悉的草莓、蘋果,還有梅子、香蕉、山竹、金虎尾、綠茶、咖啡,甚至是令人提神的人參口香糖。口香糖的包裝也不斷推陳出新,比如有盒狀的,也有類似女生隨身攜帶的美容面紙扁形包裝。

  在日本有一種俗稱“牙刷口香糖”的產品。賣點是有潔牙效果,最能在用完餐卻無法刷牙的情況派上用場。恐怖大王奧薩馬不只登上報章封面,連口香糖也印上他的肖像。在中國廣州,就出現了以奧薩馬為商標的香煙口香糖。

科學研究

  我們常聽人說口香糖有提神作用,卻不知道是否有科學根據。英國諾森伯蘭大學及雷丁認知研究小組就發現,反復咀嚼口香糖的動作,能令人更加清醒。該研究曾測試了75人,發現咀嚼口香糖者,比不吃口香糖者,每分鐘心跳快三下,記憶力測驗的成績也比較高,記得較多字詞和生活細節。研究推斷,口香糖刺激心跳加快胰島素分泌,令人聰明。研究解釋,不斷咀嚼令心跳加快,令血液內的氧氣和葡萄糖,迅速地運送至腦部,加強認知能力。

  不過肥胖者卻不宜吃太多口香糖。臺灣學者謝邦俊教授在《順勢療法保健新方》書中提醒新新人類的年輕人,尤其是肥胖者,最好不要碰口香糖。這是因為嚼口香糖會促進唾液和胃液大量的分泌,這麼一來不但容易引起饑餓感,也同時會增加消化系統的負擔。

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    The ancient eats the gum too! !

    Gum

    History

    The gum is the oldest candy in the world. The archaeologist finds , before having historical records, the human elder generation likes chewing the natural resin (resin ), seeking pleasure from it, this is the most primitive " gum ". For thousands of years, people coming from different region culture are all used to chew " glue ". If ancient Greeks can use the resin to clear up the tooth , guarantee the oral cavity fresh, fit people and like chewing the liquid juice of the trunk printing, the refined people of horse in Central America like chewing the candy glue gum (chicle ).

    There is very deep complex bred of sentiments in U.S.A. and gum, not only because the gum is the importance of U.S.A. sells one of the products in other areas, it is proud that it or U.S.A. invent one in the history. The gum which we eat today, can trace back to 1848 years . Curtice (John Curtis ) of U.S.A. made the first and supported gum sold and processed at that time. In 1869, photographer Adams (Thomas Adams ) produced the first gum goods made of candy glue gum. Next year, he puts out one kind with precise gum " Black Jack " that flavoured of licorice root, and change the gum from bulk into the strip is sold, welcome, can also find on the market so far.

    The gum was invented in 1906, but the first type gum has been stuck very much , the result can not be sold out, until 1928, the technology of making the gum was improved to some extent at last, succeeded in squeezing into the market. The first batch of gum are pink, called " Dubble Bubble ". There is no sugar gum to appear on the market in the 1950s. The material making the gum today is mainly candy , syrup , flavouring , soften the pharmaceutical and glue base .

    Fight confronting with each other

    How to oppose the gum in other areas?

    China

    Tian An-men of Beijing is from October 24, is it spit gum residue person arbitrarily to punish severely , fine volume lie between 20 to 50 China " 11 " during National Day, visitors have left 600,000 pieces of gum residue in the Tian'anmen Square. Later, the department concerned of the city of Beijing begins to clear up the gum spot on the square ceramic tile, it costs and is expected to be up to 1 million yuan

    @France

    In Paris, the persons who spit the gum arbitrarily can face 180 to the fine of 450 euro .

    Kind

    In taste, prune , banana , mangosteen , gold tiger's tail , green tea , coffee besides having strawberry , apple that we are familiar with, even the ginseng gum making people refresh oneself. The packaging of the gum is weeding out the old and bringing forth the new constantly too, for example there is form of boxes , is similar to girl student's carry-on cosmetic flat shape packaging of surface paper.

    There are a kind of products which are commonly called as " toothbrush gum " in Japan. The selling point has clean tooth results, can be using up the meal most but the situation that can't brush teeth is being used. Terrific king horse Sa mount newspapers front cover not merely, even gum is it have portrait of him to print. In China Guangzhou , appear with horse Sa as the cigarette gum of the trade mark.

    Scientific research

    We often heard from people that there was function of refreshing oneself in gum, but does not know whether there is scientific evidence . Britain Northumberland university and Reding cognitive research group find , chews movements of the gum repeatedly , can make people more sober . This research has tested 75 people, find the person who chews gum, than persons who do not eat the gum , the heartbeat is nearly three times each minute, score of memory test is higher too, remember more words and trifling matters of everyday life . Research infers , the gum stimulates the heartbeat to accelerate the insulin to secrete, make people clever. Research explains , is chewing to make the heartbeat accelerate constantly, the oxygen and glucose that make in the blood, transport it to the brain rapidly, strengthen cognitive ability .

    But the overweight person should not eat too much gum . Taiwanese scholar Professor Xie BangJun reminds the New Human Being's young people in the book of " health care Singapore side of homeotherapy ", especially the overweight person, you had better not touch the gum . This will promote saliva and gastric juice a large amount of secretion to chew the gum, not only apt to cause the hungry sense this way, but also will increase the burden of the digestive system at the same time .

  • 1 0 年前

    The ancient eats the gum too! ! The historical gum of gum is the oldest candy in the world. The archaeologist finds , before having historical records, the human elder generation likes chewing the natural resin (resin ), seeking pleasure from it, this is the most primitive " gum ". For thousands of years, people coming from different region culture are all used to chew " glue ". If ancient Greeks can use the resin to clear up the tooth , guarantee the oral cavity fresh, afford to print (chicle). There is very deep complex bred of sentiments in U.S.A. and gum, not only because the gum is the importance of U.S.A. sells one of the products in other areas, it is proud that it or U.S.A. invent one in the history. The gum which we eat today, can trace back to 1848 years . Curtice (John Curtis ) of U.S.A. made the first and supported gum sold and processed at that time. In 1869, photographer Adams (Thomas Adams ) produced the first gum goods made of candy glue gum. Next year, he puts out one kind with precise gum " Black Jack " that flavoured of licorice root, and change the gum from bulk into the strip is sold, welcome, can also find on the market so far. The gum was invented in 1906, but the first type gum has been stuck very much , the result can not be sold out, until 1928, the technology of making gum was improved to some extent at last, succeeded in squeezing into the market. The first batch of gum are pink, called " Dubble Bubble ". There is no sugar gum to appear on the market in the 1950s. The material making the gum today is mainly candy , syrup , flavouring , soften the pharmaceutical and glue base . How to oppose the gum in the fight other areas that confront with each other? Tian An-men of Beijing of China is from October 24, is it spit gum residue person arbitrarily to punish severely , 50 China, 20 to of fine volume lie between, " 10 " one " during the National Day, visitor leave 600,000 gum residue in the Tian'anmen Square. Later, the department concerned of the city of Beijing begins to clear up the gum spot on the square ceramic tile, it costs and is expected to be up to 1 million yuanFrance In Paris, the persons who spit the gum arbitrarily can face 180 to the fine of 450 euro . The kind is prune , banana , mangosteen , gold tiger's tail , green tea , coffee in taste, besides having strawberry , apple that we are familiar with, even the ginseng gum making people refresh oneself. The packaging of the gum is weeding out the old and bringing forth the new constantly too, for example there is form of boxes , is similar to girl student's carry-on cosmetic flat shape packaging of surface paper. There are a kind of products which are commonly called as " toothbrush gum " in Japan. The selling point has clean tooth results, can be using up the meal most but the situation that can't brush teeth is being used. Terrific king horse Sa mount newspapers front cover not merely, even gum is it have portrait of him to print. In China Guangzhou , appear with horse Sa as the cigarette gum of the trade mark. We often heard from people that there was function of refreshing oneself in gum in scientific research, but did not know whether there is scientific evidence . Britain Northumberland university and Reding cognitive research group find, chew movements of the gum repeatedly , can make people more sober . This research has tested 75 people, finding the person who chews gum, than the persons who do not eat the gum , the heartbeat is nearly three times each minute, the score of memory test is higher too, remember more words and trifling matters of everyday life . Study and infer , the gum stimulates the heartbeat to accelerate the insulin to secrete, make people clever. Research explains , are chewing to make the heartbeat accelerate constantly, oxygen and glucose that made in the blood, transport to the brain rapidly , strengthen cognitive ability . But the overweight person should not eat too much gum . Taiwanese scholar Professor Xie BangJun reminds the New Human Being's young people in the book of " health care Singapore side of homeotherapy ", especially the overweight person, you had better not touch the gum . This will promote saliva and gastric juice a large amount of secretion to chew the gum, not only apt to cause the hungry sense this way, but also will increase the burden of the digestive system at the same time .

    參考資料: 我沒有抄襲ㄌ~~這是真的~~我自己去找翻譯ㄉ
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