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匿名使用者 發問時間: 科學生物學 · 2 0 年前

濾過性微生物是..........

請問一下濾過性微生物是什麼?英文原文是?請簡單說明!

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  • 2 0 年前
    最佳解答

    濾過性病毒是一種微生物。體型極小,必須用電子顯微鏡觀察。因為它能通過孔隙最小的過濾器而得名。通常由蛋白質及核酸組成,為絕對寄生性病原體,可寄生於細胞中而侵害寄生主。許多人類的疾病,如感冒、痳疹、天花等都是由此而起。簡稱為病毒。由濾過性病毒所引起的病有很多種,就以我所知道的腸病毒、肺炎和感冒的一些有關濾過性病毒的疾病來跟大家說明。

    腸病毒是濾過性病毒之一種,可分為克沙奇病毒A群、B群、小兒麻痺病毒、依科病毒及其他腸病毒。此種病毒世界各地均有,常於夏季、初秋流行,可經由接觸病人的口鼻分泌物、糞便、飛沫等途徑傳染,多發生於十歲以下之小孩,雖有成人個案,但很少見,人群密集處,易發生流行。

    濾過性病毒的肺炎比較常見,且其嚴重性比他型的為輕.其症狀是咳嗽及其它傷風的症狀.一般都感到疲倦,發燒 ,胸痛及呼吸困難等. 肺炎的治療將依其引發的病原而定.濾過性病毒的肺炎只要床上休息,流體及易消化食物的攝取,止痛劑的服用及氧等就夠了. 除非患者已患別的疾病或因年老而衰弱時,否則人體通常都能自行克服濾過性的病毒的傳染病.

    此外天花也是一種由濾過性病毒所引起的傳染病,會藉由病人的分泌、排泄物,或是直接接觸而傳染,病人穿過的衣服、睡過的床、用過的東西,經過幾個月都還有傳染的可能。天花的病症,先是發高燒,並有頭痛、肌肉痛、肚子痛、嘔吐等症狀。三、四天後高燒減退,臉上開始出現紅疹、並會蔓延到四肢及身體。接下來,紅色疹子會逐漸變成水泡、膿泡,體溫又跟著上升,要一直等到膿泡結痂、脫落好了之後,體溫才會恢復正常。

    而感冒九成以上是濾過性病毒造成的。不只是以流行性感冒做代表的冬季感冒,就連夏季感冒的起因也大多是由於腺濾過性病毒和腸濾過性病毒。至於喉炎的成因則是由濾過性病毒、細菌或抽煙過量引起的。喉炎的徵兆有疼痛、聲音沙啞、下嚥痛等症狀。

    對於濾過性病毒的防範方法 1.儘量避免出入公共場所,不要與疑似病患接觸。 2.家中如有病患,症狀輕微者,請在家裏隔離,以免傳染他人,並請多休息, 適當補充水份。 3.加強個人衛生,請常洗手。 4.加強居家環境衛生與通風。這樣一來就會減少受到傳染的機會

    英文

    The filterable virus is a kind of microorganism . The size is extremely little, must observe with the electron microscope . Because it can gain the name through the minimum filter of hole . Made up of the protein and nucleic acid usually , for depend on venereal disease original body for a living definitely , can depend on for a living in cell encroaching on main facting of depending on for a living. A lot of human disease, cold, measles, smallpox,etc. for instance get up therefrom. Abbreviate as the virus. There are many kinds of diseases caused by filterable virus, prove with everybody with intestines virus , pneumonia and some diseases about filterable virus catching a cold that I know.

    The intestines virus is one kind of the filterable virus, can divide it for one gram of sand strange virus A group , B group , polio and virus , depending on department virus and other intestines virus . All parts of the world of this kind of virus have , often prevail in summer , early autumn , but infect via such ways as a nose secretion , excrement and urine , droplets exposed to the patient ,etc., happen to the child under the age of ten more, although there are adult's cases, it is rare, crowd's intensive place , incident and popular.

    The pneumonia of the filterable virus is more common, and its severity is light than he type. The symptoms of coughing in its symptom and other cold. Generally feeling tired, have a fever, the chest aches and has difficulty in breathing etc.. The treatment of the pneumonia will be contingent upon its etiology caused . The pneumonia of the filterable virus needs only to have a rest on the bed, the fluid and apt to digest the absorbing of food, use and oxygen of the pain-killer ,etc. are enough . Unless when patients have already suffered from other diseases or weak because of being old, the human body can overcome the infectious disease of the straining virus by oneself usually.

    In addition the smallpox is a kind of infectious disease caused by filterable virus, will be with the patient's secretion , excrement or keeping in touch directly but infect, thing of clothes , bed that sleep, spend on patient wear, there is possibility infected odd months. The disease of the smallpox, have a high fever first, symptom of headache , muscle ache , having a stomachache , vomittinging etc.. The high fever fails three , four days later, begin to present the red rash , and will spread four limbs and body on the face. And then, the red measles will be turned into bubble , suppuration and steeped gradually, the body temperature follows to rise again, should be after the suppuration has steeped and formed a scab , come off well, the body temperature will just return to normal .

    And caught a colding , more than 90% was caused by filterable virus. Not only with winter cold, the representative of flu,, even cause of the cold of summers are mostly because of gland filterable virus and intestines filterable virus. It is caused or smokes excessivly by filterable virus , bacterium as for the origin cause of formation of the laryngitis. It is hoarse and making and swallowing the symptom of aching etc. that the seeking of laryngitis promises pain , sound.

    Strick precaution method of the filterable virus 1.Try one's best to avoid coming in and going out in the public place , don't keep in touch with suspected to be patientsing . 2.If there are patients , the slight one of symptom in the family, please isolate at home, so as not to infect others , and please take more time to rest , supplement the moisture content properly. 3.Strengthen the personal hygiene, please often wash hands. 4.Strengthen the environmental sanitation at home and ventilate. Will reduce the chance infected in this case

    濾過性微生物

    英文

    Straining microorganism

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