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? 發問時間: 藝術與人文歷史 · 2 0 年前

波灣戰爭前因後果共分哪幾階段?

伊拉克從侵佔至被聯軍打敗..種種事件.可分哪幾大段?

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  • 匿名使用者
    2 0 年前
    最佳解答

    第一次波灣戰爭

    一.由於伊拉克與科威特兩國為領土、油權利益等糾紛,及伊拉克對油償、租借布比揚島、瓦巴島談判破裂,導致伊拉克於一九九一年八月二日入侵科威特。此次之侵略行動因發生於歐、亞洲交界之戰略要域上,而其發展可能引起中東區域性戰爭,甚至引發世界大戰。

    二.而遭聯合國安全理事會通過六七八號決議案,強烈要求伊拉克部隊撤出科威特,並恢復科威特政權。

    三.事發後聯軍旋即展開部署實施「沙漠之盾」防衛作戰,並於一九九一年一月十七日淩晨三時開始實施毀滅性的「沙漠風暴」戰爭,迄同年二月廿四日至廿八日八時止,歷經一百小時地面作戰,伊拉克無條件投降,戰爭劃下休止符,這場戰役最主要目的是1.恢復科威特政權2.驅逐科威特境內伊拉克部隊3.孤立海珊政權4.保護油田利益。

    第二次波灣戰爭

    一.因為美國懷疑911恐怖攻擊事件與伊拉克海珊有關,而以摧毀海珊發展核生化武器為理由,在沒有獲得聯合國的授權與其他阿拉伯國家的支持下,組成以美國為主之聯軍,而發動美伊戰爭而這場戰役最主要目的是因為1.終結海珊政權2. 向國際宣示美國以軍事力量獲致政治目標的決心

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  • 匿名使用者
    2 0 年前

    第一次波灣戰爭(沙漠風暴)在一九九一年一月十七日半夜三點正式開戰,原因是因為伊拉克在前一年八月入侵科威特

    第二次玻灣戰爭(伊拉克自由行動)發生在二OO三年三月二十日凌晨五點三十四分正式開始,原因是因為美國聲稱伊拉克有大規模殺傷性武器,並以反恐為名出兵

    第一次美伊波灣戰爭時間表

    Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm Timeline

    Iraq invades Kuwait, Aug. 2, 1990.

    Operation Desert Shield begins, Aug. 7.

    First U.S. forces (F-15 Eagle fighters from Langley Air Force Base, Va.) arrive in Saudi Arabia, Aug. 7.

    First Operation Desert Shield-related U.S. death, Aug. 12.

    President George Bush authorizes first call-up of Selected Reservists to active duty for 90 days, by executive order, Aug. 22. (Call-up widened in subsequent authorizations; period of service extended to 180 days on Nov. 12 by executive order.)

    Operation Desert Storm and air war phase begins, 3 a.m., Jan. 17, 1991 (Jan. 16, 7 p.m. Eastern time).

    Iraq attacks Israel with seven Scud missiles, Jan. 17.

    U.S. Patriot missile successfully intercepts first Scud, over Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, Jan. 17.

    President Bush authorizes the call-up of up to 1 million National Guardsmen and Reservist for up to two years, Jan. 18.

    DoD announces deployment of Europe-based Patriot missiles and crews to Israel, Jan. 19.

    Iraq creates massive oil slick in gulf, Jan. 25.

    Iraqis attack Khafji, Saudi Arabia, Jan. 29.

    Iraq captures first U.S. female prisoner of war, Jan. 31.

    Award of the National Defense Service Medal authorized, Feb. 21.

    Iraqis ignite estimate 700 oil wells in Kuwait, Feb. 23.

    Allied ground assault begins, 4 a.m., Feb 24 (Feb. 23, 8 p.m. Eastern time).

    Iraqi Scud destroys U.S. barracks in Dhahran, killing 28 U.S. soldiers, Feb. 25.

    Cessation of hostilities declared, 8:01 a.m., Feb. 28 (12:01 a.m. Eastern).

    Cease-fire terms negotiated in Safwan, Iraq, March 1.

    DoD announces first troop redeployment home, March l7 (24th Infantry Division, Fort Stewart, Ga.)

    Award of the Southwest Asia Service medal authorized, March 13.

    President Bush announces U.S. relief supply airdrops to Kurdish refugees in Turkey and northern Iraq, April 5.

    Iraq officially accepts cease-fire terms, April 6.

    Task Force Provide Comfort forms and deploys, April 6.

    U.S. transports deliver 72,000 pounds of supplies in first six Operation Provide Comfort missions, April 7.

    Cease-fire takes effect, April 11.

    Construction of first Provide Comfort tent city begins near Zakhu, Iraq, April 20.

    U.N. commission assumes responsibility for Kurdish refugees, June 7.

    第一次波灣戰爭傷亡統計表

    U.S. casualties美國陣亡人數: 148 battle deaths因戰死亡, 145 nonbattle deaths非戰死亡

    Army: 98 battle; 105 nonbattle

    Navy 6 battle; 8 nonbattle

    Marines: 24 battle; 26 nonbattle

    Air Force: 20 battle; 6 nonbattle

    Women killed, 15

    U.S. wounded in action美國受傷人數: 467.

    美伊第二次波灣戰爭逐日概要

    Operation Iraqi Freedom

    Operational Statistics

    Day One

    Day Two

    Day Three

    Day Four

    Day Five

    Day Six

    Day Seven

    Day Eight

    Day Nine

    Day Ten

    Day Eleven

    Day Twelve

    Day Thirteen

    Day Fourteen

    Day Fifteen

    Day Sixteen

    Day Seventeen

    Day Eighteen

    Day Nineteen

    Day Twenty

    Day Twenty-One

    Day Twenty-Two

    Day Twenty-Three

    Day Twenty-Four

    Day Twenty-Five

    Day Twenty-Six

    Iraq Pacification Operations

    第二次波灣戰爭美軍傷亡人數統計表

    Month

    月份 US

    Named

    Dead

    *

    廣義死亡

    US

    Reported

    Dead

    **

    通報死亡 US

    Wounded

    ***

    ****

    受傷

    US Army Evacuations from Iraq

    從伊拉克撤出人數

    Wounded

    In Action

    *****

    因戰受傷 Non-Battle

    Injury

    *****

    非戰受傷 Disease

    *****

    疾病

    March 2003 65 0 202 930 3212 5846

    April 2003 73 0 340

    TOTAL 138 0 542

    May 37 0 54

    June 30 0 147

    July 47 0 225

    August 35 0 181

    September 30 0 247

    October 43 0 413

    November 82 0 337

    December 40 0 261

    January 2004 47 0 187

    February 19 0 146

    March 52 0 322 49 206 367

    April 135 12 1205 203 355 262

    May 80 8 753 106 348 146

    June 42 2 573 141 138 389

    July 54 7 551 71 157 337

    August 66 5 883 139 74 379

    September 81 3 699 122 84 391

    October 63 5 637 100 94 457

    November 137 3 1350 149 96 323

    December 72 1 489 477 379 1474

    January 2005 107 1 789 85 129 324

    February 58 4 450 77 100 280

    March 36 0 362

    April 31 306

    Subtotal小計 1562 4 11888 2201 4998 9524

    TOTAL總計 1,566 17,184

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