匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 2 0 年前

Caffeine ingestion ~英翻中

Caffeine ingestion increases the insulin response to an

oral-glucose-tolerance test in obese men before and after weight loss

ABSTRACT

Background: Caffeine ingestion decreases the insulin sensitivity

index (ISI) for an oral-glucose-tolerance test (OGTT) and decreases

insulin-induced glucose disposal in lean male subjects during a hyperinsulinemic

clamp.

Objective: We examined the effects of caffeine ingestion on insulin

and glucose homeostasis in obese men before and after a nutrition

and exercise intervention.

Design: Nine sedentary, obese [body mass index (in kg/m2): 34.0_

1.0] men who had refrained from exercise and caffeine ingestion for

48 h underwent 2 oral-glucose-tolerance tests (OGTTs). The subjects

randomly received caffeine (5 mg/kg) or placebo 1 h before

each OGTT. After a 12-wk nutrition and exercise intervention, during

which time the subjects avoided dietary caffeine, the OGTTs

were repeated.

Results: The intervention resulted in decreases (P _ 0.05) in body

weight (8.5_1.5 kg), percentage body fat (2.8_0.7%), and fasting

glucose, insulin, and proinsulin concentrations and increases in the

ISI for the placebo OGTT (P _ 0.05). Caffeine caused a greater

(P _ 0.05) OGTT insulin response and a lower (P _ 0.05) ISI both

before and after weight loss. The proinsulin-insulin ratio indicated

that neither weight loss nor caffeine affected the nature of the _ cell

secretion of insulin.

Conclusions: A nutrition and exercise intervention improved,

whereas caffeine ingestion impaired, insulin-glucose homeostasis in

obese men. The results are consistent with previous findings that

caffeine ingestion contributes to insulin resistance.

2 個解答

評分
  • 匿名使用者
    2 0 年前
    最佳解答

    咖啡因攝取增加對的胰島素反應

    口頭葡萄糖容忍測試在肥胖人在減重前後

    摘要

    背景: 咖啡因攝取減少胰島素敏感性

    索引(ISI) 為口頭葡萄糖容忍測試(OGTT) 並且減退

    胰島素導致的葡萄糖處置在精瘦的男性患者在hyperinsulinemic 期間

    鉗位。

    宗旨: 我們審查了咖啡因攝取的作用在胰島素

    並且葡萄糖homeostasis 在肥胖人在營養前後

    並且鍛煉干預。

    設計: 九慣座, 肥胖[ 身體許多索引(在kg/m2): 34.0 _

    1.0] 克制了鍛煉和咖啡因攝取的人

    48 h 接受了2 個口頭葡萄糖容忍測試(OGTTs) 。主題

    任意地被接受的咖啡因(5 mg/kg) 或安慰劑1 h 以前

    各OGTT 。在12 星期營養和鍛煉干預以後, 在期間

    哪時刻主題避免了飲食咖啡因, OGTTs

    被重覆了。

    結果: 干預導致減退(P _ 0.05) 在身體

    重量(8.5_1.5 公斤), 百分比體脂肪(2.8_0.7%), 和齋戒

    葡萄糖、胰島素、和在的proinsulin 集中和增量

    ISI 為安慰劑OGTT (P _ 0.05) 。咖啡因導致了一更加偉大

    (P _ 0.05) OGTT 胰島素反應和更低的(P _ 0.05) ISI 兩個

    在減重前後。proinsulin 胰島素比率表明了

    不減重亦不咖啡因影響了_ 細胞的本質

    胰島素的分泌物。

    結論: 營養和鍛煉干預改善了,

    但是咖啡因攝取被削弱, 胰島素葡萄糖homeostasis

    肥胖人。結果與早先研究結果是一致的那

    咖啡因攝取對胰島素抗性貢獻。

  • 匿名使用者
    2 0 年前

    Caffeine ingestion increases the insulin response to an

    oral-glucose-tolerance test in obese men before and after weight loss

    咖啡因攝取增加對口頭葡萄糖容忍測試的胰島素反應在肥胖人在減重前後

    ABSTRACT

    Background: Caffeine ingestion decreases the insulin sensitivity

    index (ISI) for an oral-glucose-tolerance test (OGTT) and decreases

    insulin-induced glucose disposal in lean male subjects during a hyperinsulinemic

    clamp.

    抽象背景: 咖啡因攝取減少胰島素敏感性索引(ISI)

    為口頭葡萄糖容忍測試(OGTT) 並且減退胰島素導致的葡萄糖處置在精瘦的男性患者在hyperinsulinemic 鉗位期間。

    Objective: We examined the effects of caffeine ingestion on insulin

    and glucose homeostasis in obese men before and after a nutrition

    and exercise intervention.

    宗旨: 我們審查了咖啡因攝取的作用在胰島素和葡萄糖homeostasis 在肥胖人在營養和鍛煉干預前後。

    Design: Nine sedentary, obese [body mass index (in kg/m2): 34.0_

    1.0] men who had refrained from exercise and caffeine ingestion for

    48 h underwent 2 oral-glucose-tolerance tests (OGTTs). The subjects

    randomly received caffeine (5 mg/kg) or placebo 1 h before

    each OGTT. After a 12-wk nutrition and exercise intervention, during

    which time the subjects avoided dietary caffeine, the OGTTs

    were repeated.

    _ 設計: _ 九慣座, 肥胖[ 身體大量索引(在kg/m2): _ 34.0 _ 1.0] 人有克制從鍛煉和咖啡因攝取為48 h 接受2 口頭葡萄糖容忍測試(OGTTs) 。_ 這主題任意received 咖啡因(5 mg/kg) 或安慰劑1 h 在之前各OGTT 。_ 在以後12 星期營養和鍛煉干預, 在期間這主題避免飲食咖啡因, 這OGTTs 是repeated 。_

    Results: The intervention resulted in decreases (P _ 0.05) in body

    weight (8.5_1.5 kg), percentage body fat (2.8_0.7%), and fasting

    glucose, insulin, and proinsulin concentrations and increases in the

    ISI for the placebo OGTT (P _ 0.05). Caffeine caused a greater

    (P _ 0.05) OGTT insulin response and a lower (P _ 0.05) ISI both

    before and after weight loss. The proinsulin-insulin ratio indicated

    that neither weight loss nor caffeine affected the nature of the _ cell

    secretion of insulin.

    結果: 干預導致減退(P _ 0.05) 在體重(8.5_1.5 公斤), 百分比體脂肪(2.8_0.7%), 和在ISI 的齋戒的葡萄糖、胰島素、和proinsulin 集中和增量為安慰劑OGTT (P _ 0.05) 。咖啡因導致了一個更加巨大的(P _ 0.05) OGTT 胰島素反應和更低的(P _ 0.05) ISI 兩個在減重前後。proinsulin 胰島素比率表明, 不減重亦不咖啡因影響了胰島素的_ 細胞分泌物的本質。

    Conclusions: A nutrition and exercise intervention improved,

    whereas caffeine ingestion impaired, insulin-glucose homeostasis in

    obese men. The results are consistent with previous findings that

    caffeine ingestion contributes to insulin resistance.

    結論: 營養和鍛煉干預改進了, 但是咖啡因攝取被削弱, 胰島素葡萄糖homeostasis 在肥胖人。結果與咖啡因攝取對胰島素抗性貢獻的早先研究結果是一致的。

    如果你看到一些怪怪的字你看不懂,那是因為你有打數字和這個%所以電腦才會有這種反應,如果看不懂在查查看就好了

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