趴皮
Lv 4
趴皮 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

Sedative與transquiller

請問一下Sedative與transquiller有什麼差異呢?

字典裡面說都是鎮靜劑,但是在我的課本中分成不同的兩類耶…

2 個解答

評分
  • yun
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    In increasing doses sedatives act as hypnotics (see hypnotic drugs ), i.e., they induce sleep, and as anesthetics. Many sedatives, including barbiturates , meprobamate (Miltown), and benzodiazepines (Librium and Valium), are habit-forming and should be taken only under medical direction. Chloral hydrate, ethyl alcohol, bromide salts, and antihistamines can all be used as sedatives.

    Tranquilizing drugs differ from hypnotic drugs such as barbiturates in that they do not act on the brain's cortical areas but rather on its lower portions, e.g., the hypothalamus . They have been found helpful in the treatment of tension and mental illness.

    兩者都是作用在中樞神經

    但tranquilizer 主要在 下視丘 ( hypothalamus)

    所以通常不會影響神智清醒狀態下,達到鎮定情緒的效果

    而sedative 作用在皮質區(cortical area)若藥量過大會有麻醉效果

    量更大可致死 此外sedative 容易成癮要小心使用

  • Yy
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    Sedative與transquillizer 都是屬鎮靜劑Sedative鎮靜腦比較厲害 引起人睡 所以通常是指安眠的transquiller 應是指tranquilizer鎮靜劑 憂鬱症 或焦慮症用的

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