Fred 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前


Protests and repeal

The American colonists didn't view the act as equitable at all. To be admitted to the bar or enrolled as a notary one would pay a tax of £10 in America, but only £2 in Britain. The tax on newspapers raised considerable opposition, especially from the newspapers themselves.

Colonists also didn't see the advantage of a standing army. Posts such as Fort Detroit and Fort Pitt needed garrisons. But their main purpose was to protect the fur trade, not settlers. Indeed, the Royal Proclamation of 1763 had limited western settlement. For seventy years the European Wars had carried over to North America. Coastal properties and towns had been attacked by the French, Spanish, and Dutch at various times, and they had been protected by colonial militia, not the regular army. The militia had even been assigned to support actions in Canada and the west, with limited compensation from the Crown.

Stamps were generally ignored, and were often unavailable. Protest and discussion over these acts gave way to open violence in a number of instances. In Boston, an effigy of the stamp agent, Andrew Oliver was hanged and then burned. His home was broken into, and his office, along with the stamps, was burned. The mob even went on to vandalise Lieutenant Governor Hutchinson's home, destroying records and forcing him and his family to seek refuge at Fort William. (The elm tree Oliver's effigy was hanged from later became known as the "Liberty Tree".) Organizations of protest sprang up throughout the colonies, later becoming known as the Sons of Liberty. Oliver resigned as stamp agent, and no one could be found to take the job.

Similar events occurred in other colonies, particularly in New York City and Charleston, South Carolina. Stamps were seized and destroyed, and stamp agents were harassed. Committees of correspondence sprang up to unite in opposition. A general boycott of British merchandise spread through all the colonies. When Massachusetts asked for a general meeting, nine colonies sent representatives to a Stamp Act Congress to be held at Federal Hall in New York in October of 1765.


1 個解答

  • 1 0 年前

    The reasons that Americans didn't view the Stamp Act of 1765 as fair are:

    1. Taxes are much higher in the colonies than in Britain.

    2. The standing regular army is not protecting civilians at all. [I have no idea why this is related]

    3. The stamps were either ignored or unavailable.

    This sentiment incurred the following:

    1. Stamps were seized and destroyed.

    2. Stamp agents such as Andrew Oliver and Lieutenant Governor Hutchinson were harassed.

    3. A general boycott of British merchandise spread through all the colonies.

    4. Nine colonies sent representatives to a Stamp Act Congress.

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