匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 2 0 年前

我要作報告,但英文資料好多地方看不懂,請大家幫忙我。

我有適著翻譯,但不順,所以想請各位幫忙。

以下就是需要翻譯的短文:

Osteoarthritis and meniscus disorders of the knee as occupational diseases of miners.

Aim:To determine whether kneeling or squatting for prolonged periods is sufficiently causally associated with an increased risk of injury or degenerative disease of the knee joint as to meet the classic criteria to be considered an occupational disease of coal miners for whom these are or have been routine working postures.

Method:Systematic literature searches were made for studies relating to kneeling and squatting as part of the working environment of coal mines and the role of these postures in causation of knee disorders in coal miners,analogous occupations,populations,and communities.The working environment and potentially damaging forces on the knee when kneeling or squatting were described.Papers on the incidence or prevalence of knee disorders in occupational and other groups were scored against five criteria independently by each author,and from this a single consensus score representing the overall strength of evidence given by the research was awarded.the evidence was then weighed against the criteria for an occupational disease.

3 個解答

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  • 匿名使用者
    2 0 年前
    最佳解答

    類似礦工職業病的膝蓋關節炎與膝關節內側半月板疾病

    目的: 測定是否因長時間跪姿或蹲姿足以引起膝關節受傷或退化疾病所增加的風險性,達到像是礦工長期因工作姿勢得到職業病的標準尺度。

    方法: 搜尋研究跪姿及蹲姿與煤礦工人工作環境有關的系統化文獻資料,以及這些姿勢造成膝關節症所扮演的角色關係,尤其在煤礦工人與那些同性質的工作、族群、和團體身上。像是那些描述跪姿或蹲姿關於膝關節方面的工作環境與潛在傷害的資料。對於每篇論文作者,他們將引起膝關節疾病的事件與流行以五種標準尺度分別打分數,而只有一項分數會搜尋到,也就是代表了所有強度分數的證據。對於某種職業病而言這個證據就是最佳對照標準尺度。

  • 匿名使用者
    2 0 年前

    非常感謝你們,幫了我大忙,希望能夠再得到你們的幫助

  • 2 0 年前

    Osteoarthritis and meniscus disorders of the knee as occupational diseases of miners.

    骨關節炎與膝蓋之半月型錯位為曠工之職業病。

    Aim:To determine whether kneeling or squatting for prolonged periods is sufficiently causally associated with an increased risk of injury or degenerative disease of the knee joint as to meet the classic criteria to be considered an occupational disease of coal miners for whom these are or have been routine working postures.

    目標:決定跪下或蹲下時間過長是否與膝關節之傷害或退化性疾病有關,以符合傳統準則上認為那些需要慣常工作姿勢之煤炭礦工的職業病。

    Method:Systematic literature searches were made for studies relating to kneeling and squatting as part of the working environment of coal mines and the role of these postures in causation of knee disorders in coal miners,analogous occupations,populations,and communities.

    方法:系統化地文獻搜尋用於學習有關跪下與蹲下作為煤炭礦場工作環境之部份以及這些姿勢在導致煤炭曠工、類似職業、居民以及社區之膝蓋疾病上所扮演之角色。

    The working environment and potentially damaging forces on the knee when kneeling or squatting were described.

    當跪下或蹲下時,工作環境以及潛在的傷害施加於膝蓋上。

    Papers on the incidence or prevalence of knee disorders in occupational and other groups were scored against five criteria independently by each author,and from this a single consensus score representing the overall strength of evidence given by the research was awarded.the evidence was then weighed against the criteria for an occupational disease.

    在職業與其他團體中之膝蓋疾病之影響或普遍之論文被紀錄以獨立對抗每一作者之五個準則,並且由此一單獨一致紀錄表示由研究所給定之所有證據強度,此研究被判定上述之證據用來加強駁斥一職業病之判斷準則。

    *********************

    最後一段比較難, 可能跟本文會有出入, 還有希望能夠有點幫助.

    參考資料: Dr. eye and dictionary
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