看看這篇合不合用??LOVE AND OTHER OPTIONS...The question "Why do I love?" may seem unjustified and ironic to almost all people who really love. For lovers, love does not need any reasons or justifications but love itself. Nevertheless, even people in love often ask "How should I love?" or "Do I truly love?" People of all cultures and times have experienced illusory loves. Such experiences show that not all who think they love and not all who declare love, truly love. In order to distinguish between true and false (illusory) loves, one should look for the principles capable of justifying love as "true" and falsifying it as illusory ("false"). Even if lovers do not feel any stronger motive for their love but the sentiment of love itself, their love can have objective justifications (in relevant aspects).Notice that love is a sort of objective relation between the lover (subject of love) and the beloved person (object of love). This relation has subjective dimensions but it is an objective relation: in "true" love, attitude and actions of the lover are adequate to the nature of the person who is the object of love. Otherwise, love does not take place. Take an example: If somebody says "I love Juliet" and he does not know Juliet at all and does not have any idea of her, his intention does not "localize" Juliet; that is, he does not really love her even if he has some feelings or attitude resembling "true" love. For his intention is directed to some imaginary object in his mind, not to a real person."True" love requires at least some minimal knowledge of the object of love. For love intends the good for the beloved person. If the subject is deprived of knowledge of the object of love, the subject cannot intend good for the beloved person; in this case, the subject simply does not know what should be intended. Without this knowledge, the lover's ("good") intentions cannot be translated into actions and expressed.Ultimately, the objective justification of love lies in the beloved person. For true love intends and does good for the beloved, false love does harm for the beloved. Love requires that our actions, attitudes, and feelings are compatible to the beloved person(s) who is (are) the object of love.By ignoring this justification, one can implicitly exclude the possibility of love.As I will try to show, it actually happens in situation ethics.
· 14 年前