- 匿名使用者1 0 年前最佳解答
The term has been used for well over two centuries and its origins have been lost. There are several theories as to its etymology:
It may be so named because this was the traditional period where North American First Nations peoples would harvest their fall crops.
In The Americans, The Colonial Experience, Daniel J. Boorstin speculates that the term originated from raids on European colonies by Indian war parties; these raids usually ended in autumn, hence the extension to summer-like weather was an "Indian" summer. This is unlikely, as the first recorded instance of the term happened in 1778, by which time such raids would have become uncommon.
It could be so named because the phenomenon was more common in what were then North American Indian territories, as opposed to the Eastern seaboard.
It may be of Asian Indian, rather than North American Indian, origin. H. E. Ware, an English writer, noted that ships at that time traversing the Indian Ocean loaded up their cargo the most during the "Indian Summer", or fair weather season. Several ships actually had an "I.S." on their hull at the load level thought safe during the Indian Summer.
- 珊珊Lv 71 0 年前
"Indian Summer"指秋天的一段暖和、乾燥的天氣，往往出現在9月下旬、10月和11月，有時候也會出現在8月或12月，愛倫-坡曾把它稱作 "strange interregnum occurring in autumn" 。
"Indian Summer"首次出現在1778年一位法國籍美國人的書中，他在描寫殖民地的農場中寫道， "Then a severe frost succeeds which prepares [the earth] to receive the voluminous coat of snow which is soon follow; though it is often preceded by a short interval of smoke and mildness, called the Indian Summer."
那麼他為什麼會在文章中提到 "smoke"一詞呢？一種說法認為印第安人為了在冬天來臨之前用火燒的方法把躲藏起來的獵物驅逐出洞，或者是用火將耕地上的雜草燒盡以便第二年春耕，所以才有了"smoke"一詞。愛倫•坡在他的A Tale of Ragged Mountains，也提到"smoke"一詞（"the thick and peculiar mist, or smoke, which distinguishes the Indian Summer"）, 增加了這一說法的可信度。
菲力浦•多德里奇在他的Note on the Indian War in West Virginia (1842) 對"smoke"一詞提供了另一種說法。他寫道，"煙霧籠罩的日子開始了，它將要持續一段時間。這樣的天氣被稱為Indian Summer，因為這段小陽春的天氣為印第安人去騷擾移民地區的人們提供了機會。"（"The smokey time commenced and lasted for a considerable number of days. This was the Indian summer, because it afforded the Indians another opportunity of visiting the settlements with their destructive warfare."）因為印第安人在天涼以後就不再向移民地區發起突襲，除了有這樣一段暖和的天氣。那麼"smoke"就是印第安人焚燒村莊和房屋的結果。