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GIGI 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

有誰可以幫我翻譯一下ˊˋ

每年的十月三十一日晚上,在美國許多人都會慶祝萬聖節"Halloween",

但是"Halloween"是指"萬聖節前夕",而真正的萬聖節 "All Saint"s Day"是指十一月一日,

不過因為歐美人在10月31日晚上萬聖節前夕有許多習俗慶祝儀式,

因此十月卅一日萬聖 節前夕這一天更是倍受重視。

對國外來說萬聖節就像我們的中元節,這一天他們會把自己打扮的鬼模鬼樣,到處舉辦狂歡派對。

萬聖節的習俗~

在古時候,如果有旱災或是其它重大的災難,人們便會帶上醜陋的面具,因為他們害怕深夜還在外面遊走的惡靈,

如果晚上 必須出門,便會戴上面具或用動物的皮毛裝飾自己,希望惡靈認不出他們來,或被醜陋的面具嚇走。

後來敬畏鬼神的 宗教意味逐漸轉薄,慢慢開始有小孩穿上鬼和精靈的衣服,出去嚇鄰居(不給糖,就搗蛋),

要大人請吃糖果的趣味習俗。

萬聖節還有雕刻南瓜燈的習俗,這是一則趣味的愛爾蘭的民間傳說。據說有一個名叫傑克的酒鬼,

他有一天邀請惡靈來一起喝酒,但喝完後卻沒錢付帳,他就設計要惡靈變成六便士(six pennies)來付酒錢,

可是Jack又沒拿它來付錢,反而用一條銀紙鎮住惡靈讓它出不來,惡靈苦苦哀求傑克放他出來並答應不來嚇他、騷擾他,

於是傑克就它出來,到了第二年萬聖節,惡靈又與傑克達成協議,答應這一年不會來騷擾傑克,但沒過多久傑克就過世了,

這是天堂拒絕收容他, 傑克只好到地獄報到,可是因為惡靈已經答應他這一年不騷擾他,所以也無法收容傑克,

天堂地獄都去不得,傑克怎麼辦呢? 而且路實在是太黑了,傑克也找不出路離開,

這時惡靈就丟給他一塊已經燒得通紅的煤炭讓他在黑暗的地獄中比較能看清楚路,

傑克將這小塊媒炭灰燼放在一個打了許多洞的菜頭當中,好讓它燒久一點。根據這個傳說,

後來愛爾蘭人就用菜頭來製作他們 所謂的"傑克燈籠"。但是當移民們到了美國之後,發現新大陸的南瓜比菜頭普遍,

於是改為用南瓜雕刻成各種鬼臉 ,然後在裡面擺蠟燭了,這就是“南瓜燈”的由來。

2 個解答

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  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    In the annual the evening of October 31, a lot of people will celebrate All Saints' Day in U.S.A. " Halloween" ,But " Halloween" Refer to " Halloween " ,And real All Saints' Day " All Saint" s Day" Refer to for November 1, but because occidentals have a lot of customs to celebrate the ceremony at Halloween on the the evening of October 31, so the Halloween of the thirty first of October is paid attention to extremely even more.

    Ghost Festival just looking like us on All Saints' Day to foreign countries, they will hold the carnival party kind, devil of ghosts mode, that oneself dress up everywhere this day.

    The custom on All Saints' Day is in ancient times, there are droughts or other great disasters, people will take the ugly mask, because they fear night is still efficacious in the evil leaving in travel around the outside, if must go out in the evening, will wear the mask or decorate oneself with the fur of the animal, hope evil is too efficacious to recognize them, or is frightened away by the ugly mask.

    Revering ghosts and gods' religion later means turning thin gradually, begin to have clothes that children put on the spirit and spirit slowly, go out to be frightened the neighbour (do not give candies, make trouble) ,Want the adult to eat the interesting custom of the candy, please.

    There is custom of carving the pumpkin light on All Saints' Day, this is a interesting Irish popular legend.

    未完......

    參考資料: 翻譯軟體
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  • 1 0 年前

    那麼長我沒興趣

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