發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

關於 oppose 的問題...

1. I am opposed to going shopping with others.

為何此句 to 後面接的是V-ing 而不是 原形動詞

而oppose 在此是當何種詞性使用...形容詞嗎??

2.Our members are definitely opposed to making concessions on the safety question.

這一句也是

3.Both of his parents are opposed to his going swimming alone.

這句後段的 his going swimming alone

為何使用 his ,而不適用he ...

這裡也使用 going

是因為慣用嗎???

麻煩大家囉....Thanks...

1 個解答

評分
  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    (1)(2)句我ㄧ起解釋,be opposed to 是一個片語,opposed原是過去分詞,現已當形容詞用(像interested,tired的例子一樣), 另外, to 在這裡是介係詞,而介係詞後要接"名詞" 或 "動名詞V-ing" , 這裡的to 不是我們在其他地方所看到的接原形動詞, 如 want to do, like to do, 這裡的 "to + V" 叫做不定詞! 跟 be opposed to V-ing 中的 to 是不一樣的!ps. to 有這兩種用法,所以在使用上要注意!(3) 就因為to 後要接名詞或動名詞,所以這裡也不能用主格的he!! 而這裡用所有格的理由是他後面還有一個動名詞, his going swimming alone 這個片語你把它想成 his idea (idea = going swimming alone這件事) 這樣就說得通了!We're opposed to her request.---- We're opposed to her going out late at night.

    參考資料: myself
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