順源 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

if子句的問題......幫我一下

請幫我分辨一下下面這幾句的意思有什麼不同

If you left your bike outside, someone would steal it.

If you had left your bike outside, someone would have stolen it.

If you had left your bike outside, someone would steal it.

If you were to leave your bike outside, someone will it.

比較困擾我的是第一句

我知道left是過去式-與現在事實相反的假設

問題就在後面 would steal所代表的意思是什麼(偷的時間點)

已更新項目:

will steal it.抱歉

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    If you left your bike outside, someone would steal it.

    如果你把腳踏車留在外面,有人就會來偷車.

    - 此句係陳述事實,假設性的

    If you had left your bike outside, someone would have stolen it.

    如果你真把腳踏車留在外面,早就被偷了!

    - 此句有比較明確的時間,以過去為背景

    If you had left your bike outside, someone would steal it.

    如果你真把腳踏車留在外面,有人會來偷車的.

    - 有些強調的語氣

    If you were to leave your bike outside, someone will it.

    這句英文不全,歹勢!

  • 1 0 年前

    1.If you left your bike outside, someone would steal it.

    如果你將你的腳踏車留在外面,就會有人來偷車

    (也就是現在你的腳踏車並沒有留在外面)

    *與現在事實相反的假設語氣,動詞變成過去式,後面的主要子句是S+would/should/could/might + 原形V

    2.If you had left your bike outside, someone would have stolen it.

    假如你當時將你的腳踏車留在外面,就會有人把車偷走

    *這是與過去事實相反的假設語氣,動詞用"過去完成式"

    3.If you had left your bike outside, someone would steal it.

    假如你那時把你的腳踏車留在外面, 現在就有人偷車了

    *如果if子句與過去相反,主要子句與現在相反,句型就是:

    If S +had+pp...., S+ would/should/could/might +原形V.

    通常這種句型的主要子句會有now,today, this year...之類的字

    所以這句如果寫成"If you had left your bike outside , someone would steal it now."

    也許會更清楚

    4.If you were to leave your bike outside, someone will steal it.

    要是你把腳踏車留在外面,就會有人把車偷走.

    *這裡的"were to" 可解釋為"要是......"

    但是後面的主要子句應該寫成would steal it.

    參考資料: 手邊的文法講義
  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前

    If you left your bike outside, someone would steal it.

    (與現在事實相反..所以用過去式..If+S.+V過去式....., S. would V原形...)

    would 是will的過去式..因為只是假設~還沒發生..還不確定會不會發生~所以用would

    If you had left your bike outside, someone would have stolen it.

    (與過去事實相反..所以用完成式....If +S.+had Vp.p....., S.+would have Vp.p....)

    三四句寫法不正確~句型上不這樣寫

    參考資料: 供參考
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