? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英翻中(題目:破產)...請勿用翻譯軟體.財經英文。

If a person or business has more debts than money to pay them, this means they have more liabilities than assets, and they are illiquid. If a creditor takes the matter to court, the person or company is declared bankrupt. A bankrupt company goes into liquidation or receivership or is wound up. The court appoints a liquidator(or receiver, or administrator)who realises(ie sells) the company's assets in order to repay creditors. A failing business can choose voluntary winding up, in which case it appoints its own liquidator. In America a corporation in difficulty can 'file for Chapter Eleven' and propose a recovery plan; it is then temporarily protected from its creditors, and given some time to attempt to solve its problems. Afailing business that knows it has no reasonable chance of avoiding bankruptcy should stop trading. Continuing to do business, and building up debts with creditors that will never be paid, is called worngful trading and is illegal.There are limits to limited liability!

已更新項目:

worngful→wrongful(不小心打錯的。請注意一下喔)

3 個解答

評分
  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    個人或企業無法償還負債時,就表示他們的負債多於資產,缺乏資金,如果債權人向法院提出告訴,這個人或企業就必須宣布破產,破產的公司必須要進行清算.接受破產管理.或強制結束營業,法院會指派清算人員.破產案管理人來變賣公司資產以償還債權人,經營不善的公司也可以自願結束營業,並可以自己指派清算人員,在美國,公司如果有困難,可以依照破產法第十一章,提出復原計畫,這可以提供公司短暫的保護,並給予時間來解決問題,經營不善的公司都知道如果必須要宣布破產,就應該停止一切交易,繼續營業只會增加與債權人的債務,這是違法交易,也是不合法的,有限責任上有許多限制

    limited liability...有限責任~專有名詞用法..如果單單liability..則是負債的意思

    參考資料: 供參考
  • 匿名使用者
    6 年前

    到下面的網址看看吧

    ▶▶http://*****

  • 1 0 年前

    If a person or business has more debts than money to pay them, this means they have more liabilities than assets, and they are illiquid. 假如個人或產業的的債多到還不清,這表示負債大於資產,他們就破產了If a creditor takes the matter to court, the person or company is declared bankrupt. 如果債主告上法院,負傎的個人或公司就會被宣告破產A bankrupt company goes into liquidation or receivership or is wound up.一家破產的公司會被清算產,或被接管,或結束營運 The court appoints a liquidator(or receiver, or administrator)who realises(ie sells) the company's assets in order to repay creditors.法院指派一位接管人,負責清查公司資產以便清償債權人 A failing business can choose voluntary winding up, in which case it appoints its own liquidator.營運不善的公司可以選擇自行歇業,如此一來公司可以自己指定清算管理人 In America a corporation in difficulty can 'file for Chapter Eleven' and propose a recovery plan;在美國,營運困難的企業可以申請第11法案(專門處理破產和重整公司的美國法案)並提出振興的方案 it is then temporarily protected from its creditors, and given some time to attempt to solve its problems.這樣可以保護公司暫時不被債權人追債 ,讓公司有一點時間來處理問題 Afailing business that knows it has no reasonable chance of avoiding bankruptcy should stop trading.一家要倒閉的公司如果明知沒有辦法避免倒閉的,應該停止營運 Continuing to do business, and building up debts with creditors that will never be paid, is called worngful trading and is illegal.There are limits to limited liability! 繼續營運導致債台高築,沒辦法清償,被稱為不當交,是犯罪的行為。法律上對於負債有相關的限制。

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