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發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文的區別與用法

at,on,in的區分

spend,take的區分

when,while的區分

take,bring,have的區分

made of,made from的區分和用法

as的用法--2種

few,a few,little,a little的區分

1.he________an English teacher for 20 years

*時態的區分---12種

已更新項目:

時態的區分

as當成[因為]要如何使用

2 個解答

評分
  • 杰暘
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. at表示在某個點(地點、朝向的點、時間點)

    2. on 表示在…(表面、線)上、在某一天

    3. in表示在… (空間、範圍、較長的一段時間)內

    4. spend…花費(時間/金錢);主詞為人

    (1)人 + spend時間/金錢+ (in)Ving

    (2)人 + spend時間/金錢+ on物

    (3)人 + spend時間+ ((in)Ving)+ with人/動物

    5. take…需要、花費(時間;勇氣/努力(N));主詞為人、事物(Ving或N)或it

    (1)人 + take + 時間 + to V--> I took three long hours to find him out.

    (2)事物 + take +(人)+ 時間--> Finding him out took me three long hours..

    (3)It + take +(人) + 時間+ to V--> It took me three long hours to find him out.

    (4)It + take + 時間 +(for人)+ to V--> It took three long hours for me to find him out.

    (5)事物 + take +(人)+ 時間--> Painting the kitchen took me all week

    (6)事物 + take +(人)+事物--> Starting your own business takes a lot of guts.

    *(比較) cost…花費(金錢;時間;努力);以…為犧牲/為代價

    (1)物 + cost + (人) + 金錢-->The house cost him $1,000,000.

    (2)It+ cost/take+ (人)+金錢/時間/努力 + to V-->It costs (或takes) them a lot of money a year to run a car.

    (3)事物+cost +人 + 代價之事物-->Careless driving may cost your life.

    6. when -->Mary screamed when she saw the roach.(兩件事情一前一後的發生,或在某個條件之下另一件事會發生,就用when來當連接詞。跟時態沒有直接關係。) while--> The telephone rang while I was taking a bath.(當一件事情正在持續進行當中,另外一件事發生了,就用 while來當連接詞。)

    7. take…拿去;帶去;帶著(由說話者之處帶往別處)

    (1)take 物/人 to/into地方 -->Take this note to Dr Mason. -->The policeman took him into a tiny room. (2)take 物/人 with +人(主詞之代N)… “帶著~走-->Take an umbrella with you.帶雨傘去。

    8. bring…帶來(由別處帶到說話者之處)

    (1)bring 物 to人 -->Rob brought a glass of water to her.(2)bring (人) 物 -->Rob brought her a glass of water.

    9. have有 : have 物+with/on+人(主詞之代N)… “身上有-->Did you have an umbrella with you?

    10. be made of 或 be made from... 表示東西的原料時, 如原料仍可辨認出, 用of; 如原料以原全看不出來, 用from -->The bag is made of leather. -->Bread is made from flour and water.

    11. as~…當~; 正值 ~ 之時; 隨著 ~ -->We'll be able to talk as we go. -->As she grew older, she became more pessimistic.

    12. as…因為(語意較輕,常用來表示較明顯或眾人皆知的理由,因此理由之外的才是重點)-->As you've apologized, I won't tell anyone.

    *(比較) because…因為(語意較強烈的用字,所引導的子句常成為全句的重點)-->We didn't go for a walk, because it was raining.

    13. few很少的(否定詞)+複數可數N

    14. a few一些的+複數可數N

    15. little很少的(否定詞)+不可數N

    16. a little一些的+不可數N

    17. He has been(或had been或will have been) an English teacher for 20 years.到目前(或過去那時候, 或未來那時候)為止,他已經當了20年的英文老師。

    18. 3x4=12個時態.(A)現在, 過去, 未來 (B)(1)簡單式((發生`成立)2)進行式(持續)(3)完成式(已經發生`成立) (4))完成進行式(已經持續)

    參考資料: 賀氏英文法全書` 文馨新觀念英漢辭典` Longman Active Study Dictionary`得心in手介系詞
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  • 1 0 年前

    1  at後面接地方副詞;on是"在…上面",有接觸到物體;over也是"在…上面",沒接觸到物體;in是"在…裡面"

    2  (翻譯皆為"花費";有固定句型)

       spend:人+spend+時間+on/in+事情

       take:It+takes+人+時間/金錢+to+事情

       cost:物品+cost+人+金錢

    3  whule通常後面都加Ving;基本上他們兩個可以互用

    4  take是"帶出去";bring是"帶回來";have用法很多但是沒辦法跟take和bring比較,have沒有"帶"的意思

    5  make of是物理變化;make from是化學變化 

    6  as=while;as解釋為"當"

    7 few和a few+可屬;數量few<a few

    little和a little+不可屬;數量little<a little

    8  has been

    9   現在式、過去式、未來式、現在完成式、過去完成式、未來完成式、現在進行式、過去進行式、未來進行式、現在完成進行式、過去完成進行式、未來完成進行式

    參考資料: 學校教過
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