君王論第16 and 17章的內容是什麼阿?急!!!
我想要知道說馬基亞維利的君王論第16 and 17章的內容是什麼阿?
第十六章 關於慷概與吝嗇 and 第十七章 關於殘忍與仁慈，以及受人愛戴和被人畏懼哪一個更有利 !!!
- naekuoLv 72 0 年前最佳解答
16A reputation for generosity is thought to be desirable, but developing it can be dangerous. Generosity exercised in truly virtuous ways is never seen by others, so if you want to be thought of as a generous ruler, you must keep up a lavish public display. To support this habit, a prince must raise taxes and squeeze money from his subjects. Generosity of this sort benefits few and harms many. The prince’s subjects will hate him, and no one will respect him because he is poor. Therefore, a wise prince will not mind being called a miser, because stinginess is a vice that allows him to reign. If a prince is giving away other people’s property, he can afford to be generous, but if he is giving away his own resources, he will become grasping and hated or poor and despised.17Every prince will want to be considered merciful, but mercy should not be mismanaged. Cesare Borgia, by being cruel, restored peace and order to the Romagna. No prince should mind being called cruel for keeping his subjects peaceful and loyal. Punishing a few, and thus averting disorder, is better than allowing troubles to develop that will hurt many. New rulers cannot avoid seeming cruel, because their states are insecure. Still, a prince should not be too rash or too fearful....In conclusion, people love at their own wish, but fear at the prince’s will, so a wise ruler will rely on what he can best control.
- 匿名使用者7 年前