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The loss predominance of any one will influence the organization of the others in response to environmental stimuli. The infant is therefore perceived as a dynamic system continually interacting with his/her environment. Als’(1986) Synactive Theory can thus help caregivers to understand preterm infants’ behaviors and development, and based on this understanding, to adjust the care they provide to support the infants’ development and meet their real needs.

Characteristics of preterm infants’ behaviors

There are two basic physiological modes of behavioral responses. One may be thought of as more stable, and able to take in external stimuli, and the other as stressful, avoiding external stimuli. The two modes can also be called the exploratory and the avoiding responses, the toward and the away, the approaching or reaching out and the withdrawing or defending responses, and the organized and disorganized. The two behavioral styles appear together and conflict with one another based on the principle of dual antagonist integration. It is helpful for caregivers to apply this principle in understanding patterns of preterm infants’ behaviors. If stimuli are appropriate in timing, complexity, and intensity in relation to the infants’ capacity to respond, the infant will move toward and take in the stimuli.

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  • 北北
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    The loss predominance of any one will influence the organization of the others in response to environmental stimuli.  為了答覆環境刺激損失任何一個的優勢將影響其他的組織。  The infant is therefore perceived as a dynamic system continually interacting with his/her environment. 嬰兒因此覺得一動態系統連續與他的/她環境相互作用。  Als'(1986) Synactive Theory can thus help caregivers to understand preterm infants' behaviors and development, and based on this understanding, to adjust the care they provide to support the infants' development and meet their real needs.艾爾 ( 1986 )  Synactive 理論能如此幫助照料者理解早期嬰兒的行為和發展, 並且建立在這理解基礎上,以便調整他們提供支援嬰兒的發展並且滿足他們的真正的需要的小心。 Characteristics of preterm infants' behaviorsThere are two basic physiological modes of behavioral responses. 早期的特性嬰兒的behaviorsThere是行為的回應的兩基本的生理的模式。  One may be thought of as more stable, and able to take in external stimuli, and the other as stressful, avoiding external stimuli.一個人可能想同樣穩定,和能夠接受外部刺激,和另一個當時緊張,避免的外部刺激。  The two modes can also be called the exploratory and the avoiding responses, the toward and the away, the approaching or reaching out and the withdrawing or defending responses, and the organized and disorganized. 兩種模式也能被叫為探索和避免的回應, 對於和離開,那些接近或者伸出和收回或者為回應和組織並且打亂辯護。  The two behavioral styles appear together and conflict with one another based on the principle of dual antagonist integration. 兩種行為的風格一同出現,相互基於雙反對者綜合的原則衝突。  It is helpful for caregivers to apply this principle in understanding patterns of preterm infants' behaviors. 對有幫助使用這理解早期的圖案嬰兒的行為的原則的照料者。  If stimuli are appropriate in timing, complexity, and intensity in relation to the infants' capacity to respond, the infant will move toward and take in the stimuli. 如果刺激是關於嬰兒的回答的能力在調節方面合適,複雜性和強度, 嬰兒將移向並且接受刺激。

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  • 1 0 年前

    反之, 如果輸入太複雜或者強烈, 或者不恰當調節,並且回答的能力,那些嬰兒移開將從並且避免他們。 組織並且移向行為認為是馬棚或者自我規章行為,移開行為認為是壓力或者打亂行為。 組織的行為回應也表明嬰兒生理和行為系統的綜合。 組織的嬰兒展示順利的運動,穩定的autonomic簽字在他們周遭與照料者和環境交往。 壓力行為可以表明不穩定,不能容忍和痛苦。

    既移向又移開行為在適合的回應裡調節彼此。 一個嬰兒的調節自己的能力受懷孕的年齡和大眾健康地位的影響。 早期解決這些不平衡和生理和行為的起作用的嬰兒的能力,可能被損害。 他們可能很難恢復平衡並且可能在調節和平衡兩敵對的行為過程中需要照料者的幫助。 他們清楚說明對照料者的他們的需要是不那麼能幹的, 並且可能有很少路應付過度的需求或者不好從NICU環境調節刺激。 這樣的回應可以阻止照料者處理嬰兒的

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