mo 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

responsible or responsibility?

我知道 You are responsible to finish the homework on time. 這個要用responsible,

那請問這句呢? It is your [responsible / responsibility] to finish the homework on time.

為什麼?

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    請切記兩者不同 一個是形容詞、一個是名詞

    You are responsible to finish the homework on time

    這裡的形容詞responsible修飾主詞You

    It is your [responsible / responsibility] to finish the homework on time.

    這裡要選名詞 "responsibility" 因為 所有格 your+名詞 (這是文法)

    意思是 「這是你的責任...作某事」

    下面例句給你參考

    responsible是形容詞

    a. (形容詞 adjective)

    需負責任的,承擔責任的[F][(+for/to)]

    Politicians are responsible to the voters.

    政治家應對選民負責。

    She is my child, and I am responsible for her.

    她是我的孩子,我對她負責。

    作為原因的[F][(+for)]

    Heavy rains were responsible for the shortage of vegetables.

    大雨是蔬菜短缺的原因。

    Bad weather is responsible for the poor crop.

    壞天氣是收成不好的原因。

    認真負責的;可信賴的

    We should give the job to a responsible person.

    我們應將該工作委託給一個有責任心的人。

    責任重大的,重要的

    She holds a very responsible position within the company.

    她在公司的責任重大。

    Mr. March held a responsible position.

    馬奇先生擔任過要職。

    有責任感的

    responsibility是名詞

    . (名詞 noun)

    責任[U][(+for)]

    A little child does not feel much responsibility.

    小孩子不感到有什麼責任。

    責任感[U]

    He is completely lacking in responsibility.

    他完全沒有責任感。

    職責,任務;義務,負擔[C]

    Keeping house is my responsibility.

    管家是我的事。

    (智力,財力等方面的)責任能力;可信賴性[U]

    參考資料: yahoo字典+自己
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  • 耶比
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    1. responsible 是形容詞<adj.>

    You are responsible to finish the homework on time.

    因為 are 是動詞<v.>,所以後面接形容詞<adj.>

    2. responsibly 是名詞<n.>

    It is your responsiblly to finish the homework on time.

    因為 your 是代名詞<pron.>,所以後面接名詞<n.>

    For example:

    1. "You are beautiful." or "She is beautiful."

    is, are 是動詞, beautiful是形容詞

    2. "It is your personality." or "It is my personality."

    your, my 是代名詞, personality是名詞

    Why?

    Because this is English grammar.

    1. <v.> + <adj.>

    2. <pron.> + <n.>

    參考資料: me
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  • 1 0 年前

    這句應該是

    It is your responsibility to finish the homework on time.

    因為responsible是形容詞

    所以可以用在上句You are responsible to finish the homework on time.

    直譯為"你要在及時完成作業這件事情上面是負責任的"

    而下面字面上的意思應該是

    "這是你的責任去及時完成作業"

    "你的責任"為名詞

    故用responsibility

    參考資料:
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