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The Origin of the Jack-O'-Lantern
The jack-o'-lantern is integral to Halloween. Halloween, which falls on October 31st each year, originated with the Celts of ancient England and Ireland. The celebration—then called Samhain—signaled the end of the harvest and the start of winter. On the eve of All Saints' Day, the Irish hollowed out pumpkins and placed a light in them to ward off the spirit of Stingy Jack.
The name "jack-o'-lantern" derives from the legend of Stingy Jack. Stingy Jack was a mean drunkard who played tricks on everyone: his family, his friends, his mother—even the Devil himself. Once, he tricked the Devil into climbing up an apple tree. When the Devil had ascended the tree, Jack hurriedly placed crosses around its trunk. The Devil was unable to get out of the tree. Stingy Jack made the Devil vow not to take his soul when he died. After the Devil consented to his wish, Jack removed the crosses and let the Devil down.
Years later, Jack died. At the gates of Heaven he was told that he had led a wicked and miserly life on Earth. He was rejected from Heaven and so went down to Hell. The Devil kept his promise and refused Jack entry. With nowhere to go, Jack could only wander alone in the dark void between Heaven and Hell. His sole light was from a candle he kept inside a pumpkin.
At Halloween, you will see many jack-o'-lanterns on doorsteps and in windows. Remember Stingy Jack and always exercise prudence when making contracts, especially with the Devil.
──by John J. Bucher
南瓜燈 (jack-o'-lantern) 的名稱由來是源自『小氣傑克』的傳說。小氣傑克是個自私刻薄又愛惡作劇的酒鬼，他的家人、朋友、母親、甚至是撒旦全都上過他的當。有一次，他騙撒旦爬上蘋果樹。當撒旦爬上了樹，傑克趕緊在樹幹周圍放滿十字架，撒旦便無法爬下樹。小氣傑克要撒旦發誓死後不得帶走他的靈魂。在撒旦同意之後，他才將十字架移走，讓撒旦爬下樹。
萬聖節時，你可以看見家家戶戶將許多南瓜燈放在門前的台階或窗戶上。切記小氣傑克的教訓，所以和別人訂定合約時要謹慎小心，特別是和撒旦呦！參考資料： http://www.ivy.com.tw/ 常春藤解析英語
- 老師Lv 62 0 年前
Halloween is an annual celebration, but just what is it actually a celebration of? And how did this peculiar custom originate? Is it, as some claim, a kind of demon worship? Or is it just a harmless vestige of some ancient pagan ritual? The word itself, "Halloween," actually has its origins in the Catholic Church. It comes from a contracted corruption of All Hallows Eve. November 1, "All Hollows Day" (or "All Saints Day"), is a Catholic day of observance in honor of saints. But, in the 5th century BC, in Celtic Ireland, summer officially ended on October 31. The holiday was called Samhain (sow-en), the Celtic New year.
One story says that, on that day, the disembodied spirits of all those who had died throughout the preceding year would come back in search of living bodies to possess for the next year. It was believed to be their only hope for the afterlife. The Celts believed all laws of space and time were suspended during this time, allowing the spirit world to intermingle with the living. Naturally, the still-living did not want to be possessed. So on the night of October 31, villagers would extinguish the fires in their homes, to make them cold and undesirable. They would then dress up in all manner of ghoulish costumes and noisily paraded around the neighborhood, being as destructive as possible in order to frighten away spirits looking for bodies to possess. 全文請看下面網站