1.靈魂(被很多人認為人死後不滅) the part of a person which many people believe continues to exist after you die.(=spirit)
-->She suffered greatly while she was alive, so let us hope her soul is now at peace.
2. 靈魂(非生理上, 且能經歷深刻的情感)the part of a person which is not physical and experiences deep feelings and emotions:
-->"I will put my heart and soul into the job," he promises.
3. 靈魂(人或藝術作品的特質, 可以表現或產生深刻的情感)the quality of a person or work of art which shows or produces deep good feelings:
-->If you can't enjoy this music you've got no soul.
-->For me her paintings somehow lack soul.
-->Don't tell a soul.
1.精神; 思考`感覺`行為表現的某種方式, 可以代表某一群人, 某個運動, 某個時代或某地方 a particular way of thinking, feeling or behaving, especially a way that is typical of a particular group of people, an activity, a time or a place:
-->a spirit of cooperation
-->the spirit of the age
2.(法律的制定所要強調的)原則; 精神 the principle which a law/rule, etc. was created to strengthen, rather than the particular things it says you must or must not do:
-->the spirit of the law
3.精神; 勇氣與決心 courage and determination
-->You've got to admire her spirit.
4.spirits(要用複數形):情緒 the way you are feeling, for example whether you are happy or sad
-->The children were all in high spirits.
5. 精神; 心智; 心靈(相對於身體, 許多宗教上都認為在人死後依然存在) a person's mind, including their thoughts and feelings; the characteristics of a person that are considered as being separate from the body, and which many religions believe continue to exist after the body dies.
-->I'm 85, but I still feel young in spirit.
-->Although he's now living in America, I feel he's with me in spirit.
6.靈魂; 鬼魂 the form of a dead person, similar to a ghost, or the presence of a dead person which you can feel but not see
或指就某團體`某運動`某時代, 或某地方而言, 人們(藉由思想`感受`行為)表現出的某種精神; 或指法律之制定所根據的原則和精神 ==>比較理性
soul指人(能夠體會或表現出深刻`強烈情感與價值)的(高尚)靈魂, 或指藝術作品具有的(能表現出深刻`強烈情感的)靈魂 ==>比較感性(沒有靈魂, 不就等於死去?生與死的區別, 自然是極為深刻!)
Cambridge Dictionary, Longman Active Study Dictionary, Collins Cobuild Dictionary