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The Inca Empire existed in South America, covering parts of modern-day Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile and Argentina, with its capital in the modern-day city of Cuzco, Peru. It lasted from about 1200 A.D. until the death of the last emperor at the hands of the Spanish Conquerors in 1533 A.D.The start of the Inca Empire The Incas came from the mountains of Peru. They took over the Andes Mountains of South America. The Inca civilisation reached its peak in the fifteenth century, under the rule of Pachacuti. The Incas built stone cities and fine roads. They built houses out of mud. The Incas also built bridges made of rope, and the rope made of twined plant fibres. These often crossed steep gorges.The Inca EmperorsThe first Inca emperor was Manco Capac, who ruled from about 1200A.D. Details of many of the earlier emperors were lost in the Spanish Conquest. When Pachacuti was emperor, he was described as the greatest man in Ancient America. He sent expeditions to conquer new lands. If his opponents surrendered they were well-trested. If not, little mercy was shown to them. Expanding the Inca Empire The Incas had a well-trained and well-organised army. When the Incas conquered a place, people gave work tribute to help develop the Empire. The Incas encouraged people to join the Empire, and if they did then they would be well treated for doing so. Postal services were set up with runners who delivered messages as tied knots and packages between major cities. They would also broadcast news at speeds of up to one hundred and twenty-five miles a day - someone would shout the message, a messenger would run to the next person and tell them the message, then that person would run and tell the next person, and so on until the message reached it's destination. The Incas exchanged populations in conquered areas. The whole Inca Empire was linked by lots of good roads and bridges.
2006-02-11 11:39:16 補充：
Religion The Sun Temple in Cuzco is the best known of the Inca temples, which was built with stones all matched and joined. Inside the temple was a great sized image of the sun. Huacas, or sacred sites, were widespread around the Inca land.
2006-02-11 11:40:42 補充：
Sacrifice, both human and animal, was offered at every important occasion. Many sacrifices were done every day for the ceremony of the sun's appearance. At times of big sacrifices, up to two hundred children could be offered.
2006-02-11 11:41:14 補充：
It was important when humans were offered that they were unmarked and in perfect condition. Many people for sacrifices were taken from defeated places as part of taxation.
2006-02-11 11:42:28 補充：
The Spanish Conquest Franciso Pizarro and his men (less than two hundred and twenty-seven horses) from Spain captured Atahualpa (the last Inca emperor) and his nobles on November 16, 1532.
2006-02-11 11:42:47 補充：
Atahualpa wanted to be free, so he decided to make a deal with Pizarro. He agreed to fill a room with gold and silver in return for his release. But Atahualpa was still strangled on August 29, 1553. The death of Atahualpa was the end of the Inca Empire.
2006-02-11 21:22:04 補充：