A group of overweight adults wanted to lose weight. The approach that proved effective in bringing lasting results for most members consisted of medical information, diet,exercise, a system of rewards and punishments, greater self-awareness, and the support from the group. Similar results were obtained by a treatment approach with cardiac patients in adhering to a salt-free diet, exercise,rest,and in accepting the medical regimen. The group provided the means for diagnosing emotional problems related to physical difficulties, which were then approached by the group and individuals.
The reciprocal model serves both the individual and society. It sees the individual largely as an abstraction that can be studied, understood, and treated only in relation to the many systems and subsystems of which he or she is a part ,it views the individual as being created,influenced, and modified by his or her relationships, social institutions, and the inter-dependency between society and the individual. Papell and rothman have written:The reciprocal model presupposes an organic ,systemic relationship between the individual and society…this interdependence is the “focus”for social work and the small group is the field in which individual and societal functioning can be nourished and mediated…
Unlike the remedial model, the reciprocal model does not begin with a priori prescriptions of desired outcomes. However, it does conceive of an ideal group state, namely a system in mutual aid. Such a system is not dependent upon the specific problem to be resolved by the group but is a necessary condition for problem solving.
- 亭Lv 41 0 年前最佳解答
一群超重的成人想要減重量。證明的方式有效的在帶永久的結果方面因為大多數的成員有了醫學資料，照規定飲食，練習，一個獎賞和處罰，更棒的自我意識的系統 , 和來自團體的支持。 相似的結果在遵守一種無鹽飲食，練習，休息方面被和心臟的病人治療方式獲得了，和在接受醫學的攝生方面。 團體提供方法給診斷情緒的
互惠的模型服侍個體和社會。 它主要地見到個體如只能關於許多系統和哪一個他或者她是一個部份的次要系統被學習，了解，而且對待的抽象化，當被他或她的關係，社會的機構創造，影響，而且修正的時候 , 它看個體，和那在中間－在社會和個體之間的屬國。 Papell 和 rothman 已經寫：：，系統的
不像治療的模型 , 互惠的模型不由一個需要的結果 priori 處方開始。 然而，它一個理想團體確實構思州，即相互的幫助的一個系統。 一個如此系統在特定的問題之後不是依賴的被團體決定但是解決問題的一種必需的情況。
- kaiaLv 51 0 年前