發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

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Why China Is Not a New Japan

IS CHINA DOOMED THE PATH OF JAPAN, straight into a wall? after all, China rides on the same fuel that drove Japan in the 1960s:high savings and a large pool of under employed labor, which allows manufacturing to boom without driving up wages. By the 1970s, Japan had absorbed its surplus labor, and a new growth dynamic took over: attention to quality and efficiency in manufacturing. But Japan’s edge did not survive the IT revolution of the 1990s. As advanced soft-ware and communications technology gave the United States a decisive productivity advantage, Japan could not innovate fast enough, and fell into a 15-year slump.

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  • 1 0 年前
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    Why China Is Not a New Japan

    為什麼中國不是另一個日本

    IS CHINA DOOMED THE PATH OF JAPAN, straight into a wall? after all, China rides on the same fuel that drove Japan in the 1960s:high savings and a large pool of under employed labor, which allows manufacturing to boom without driving up wages.

    中國注定要踏上日本的後路直到碰壁嗎?畢竟中國與60年代的日本一樣靠著高儲蓄率與大量便宜的勞工(得以大量生產而不使工資上升)在發展。

    By the 1970s, Japan had absorbed its surplus labor, and a new growth dynamic took over: attention to quality and efficiency in manufacturing. But Japan’s edge did not survive the IT revolution of the 1990s. As advanced soft-ware and communications technology gave the United States a decisive productivity advantage, Japan could not innovate fast enough, and fell into a 15-year slump.

    到了70年代,日本已經吸收了過多的勞工,而此時日本社會成長的動力轉變為注重生產的品質和效率。但是日本的優勢並沒有讓日本在90年代的IT變革中生存下來。就在先進軟體與通訊技術讓美國擁有確定優勢的同時,日本的改革並不夠快而因此陷入了為期十五年的經濟蕭條期。

  • 1 0 年前

    Why China Is Not a New Japan

    IS CHINA DOOMED THE PATH OF JAPAN, straight into a wall? after all, China rides on the same fuel that drove Japan in the 1960s:high savings and a large pool of under employed labor, which allows manufacturing to boom without driving up wages. By the 1970s, Japan had absorbed its surplus labor, and a new growth dynamic took over: attention to quality and efficiency in manufacturing. But Japan’s edge did not survive the IT revolution of the 1990s. As advanced soft-ware and communications technology gave the United States a decisive productivity advantage, Japan could not innovate fast enough, and fell into a 15-year slump.

    **為什麼中國新日本不是是中國被注定日本道路, 平直入牆壁? 終究, 中國乘坐在駕駛日本在1960s:high 儲款和下面被使用的勞方一個大水池, 允許製造業興旺沒有駕駛薪水的同樣燃料。在70 年代以前, 日本吸收了它的節餘勞方, 並且新成長動態接管了: 對質量的注意和效率在製造業。但日本的邊緣沒有生存它90 年代的革命。因為先進的軟體和通訊技術給了美國果斷生產力好處, 日本不能創新足夠快速地, 和分成15 年暴跌。

    參考資料: 翻譯
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