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逾半高中生 每天睡不到六小時

【中時電子報 】

吳慧芬/台北報導明星高中的學生,好像過得特別累!一項調查發現,六成北市明星高中學生,午夜十二點後才能上床,超過半數睡不到六個小時,晚上睡不飽、白天精神不濟,久而久之,容易形成「慢性睡眠不足症候群」。

睡眠醫學會昨日舉辦睡眠論壇,三總精神部醫師毛衛中發表「北市高中生睡眠狀況調查」,以某明星高中的七百多位學生為對象,發現他們不僅睡得少,更有二%的高中女生與○.八%高中男生,已開始服用安眠藥。

毛衛中表示,台灣成年人平均每日睡七至八小時,但在此次高中生調查中,他們有五成五睡不到六個小時,比成年人少睡一至兩小時,晚上睡不好,白天易打瞌睡,再熬夜苦讀彌補學習不足,久而久之,易陷入「慢性睡眠不足症候群」的惡性循環中。

調查發現,睡眠時間與學生焦慮、憂鬱程度呈正相關,睡眠愈不足學生,愈容易有焦慮、憂慮傾向;年級愈高者,睡眠障礙通常愈嚴重,高一、高二生睡不好比率為四成九、五成七,高三生為五成八。

入睡時間上,六成學生午夜十二點後才能上床,另有學生抱怨,上床也不易入睡,得藉助安眠藥,或入睡後易多夢,睡眠品質不佳。

毛衛中表示,安眠藥分為長效型、短效型,對難入睡的高中生而言,在醫生指示下,使用三周以內短效安眠藥是有幫助的,但若服用長效型藥物,則可能有上癮之虞。

尤其是面臨學測、指定考的國三、高三生,常抱怨晚上夢境多,但決不能隨便亂服藥,否則有可能影響白天學習。

毛衛中表示,夢是處理人們記憶的一個機制,白天大腦活動愈多,夢境也愈多,而面臨大考學生,白天苦讀、用腦多,晚上易作夢是正常的事,若服藥去抑制作夢頻率,有可能使得記憶力下降,不利於學習。

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Exceed half high school grader does not rest every day for six hours

    [ Center when electronic newspaper ]

    Wu Huifen the/Taibei reported star high school the student, looks like crosses specially tiredly! An investigation discovery, six tenths north markets stars high school student, after midnight 12. can go to bed, surpasses half number of not to rest for six hours, evening rests not not full, the daytime spirit bad, gradually, is easy to form "the chronic sleep insufficient syndrome".

    The sleep medicine met yesterday to hold the sleep forum, three total spirits department Doctor Mao Weizhong published "the north market high school grader sleep condition investigation", take some star high school's more than 700 student as the object, discovered them not only to rest little, some two % high schools female students with ○ 8% the high school male students, started to take the sleeping pill.

    Mao Weizhong indicated that, the Taiwan adult equally every day rests seven to eight hours, but investigates in this high school grader, they have five tenths five not to rest for six hours, little rests compared to the adult one to two hours, evening has a good sleep, is daytime easy to hit sleepily, again stays up late to study assiduously makes up the study insufficiency, gradually, is easy falls into "the chronic sleep insufficient syndrome" in the vicious circle.

    The investigation discovered that, the sleep time and the student anxious, the melancholy degree present the correlation, a sleep more insufficient student, is easier to have, the anxious tendency anxious; Grade high, the sleep barrier usually more serious, high one, high two lives has a good sleep the ratio is four tenths nine, five tenths seven, is high three lives is five tenths eight.

    Goes to sleep in the time, after six tenths students midnight 12. can go to bed, and some students complained, goes to bed is not easy to go to sleep, with the aid of the sleeping pill, after or goes to sleep Yi Tomeng, the sleep quality is not good.

    2006-03-24 17:53:07 補充:

    Mao Weizhong indicated that, the sleeping pill divides into the persistent effect, the short effect, speaking of is difficult high school grader which goes to sleep, in doctor under the instruction,

    2006-03-24 17:53:28 補充:

    uses in three weeks the short effect sleeping pill to have the help, but if takes the persistent effect medicine, then possibly has becomes addicted the risk of.

    2006-03-24 17:53:43 補充:

    Facing study measured, high assigns the country in particular which tests three, three to live, often complained the evening dreamland are many, but can casual randomly take medicine in no way, otherwise has the possibility to affect the daytime to study.

    2006-03-24 17:54:14 補充:

    Mao Weizhong indicated that, the dream processes a mechanism which the people remembered, daytime cerebrum activity more, dreamland also more, but faced with

    2006-03-24 17:54:25 補充:

    greatly tests the student, daytime studies assiduously, with the brain many, evening is easy to have a dream is the normal matter, if takes medicine suppresses has a dream the frequency, has the possibility to cause the memory to drop, is disadvantageous to the study.

    參考資料: 我可是很認真的回答喔
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