keitt 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請問假設與氣為何要用were???

1. 請問與現在事實相反的假設,be動詞為何要用were?

2. 與現在事實相反的假設,如果省略if,were要移到主詞前形成倒裝,但是如果

動詞不是be動詞,是ㄧ般動詞,可以形成倒裝嗎?

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. 請問與現在事實相反的假設,be動詞為何要用were?

    回答:

    be動詞用were的情形, 多出現在比較正式的場合的文體中.

    If I were you, I'd get some rest.

    I'd willingly help if it were possible.

    牛津大學出版的英文課程New Headway(Upper-Intermediate階級)第11單元有解說

    以上是課文中的文法解釋. 

    2. 與現在事實相反的假設,如果省略if,were要移到主詞前形成倒裝,但是如果

    動詞不是be動詞,是ㄧ般動詞,可以形成倒裝嗎?

    回答:

    與現在事實相反的假設, 像是were/had/should可以倒裝, 若是碰到ㄧ般動詞 (不論是談到現在, 未來或過去的假設) 倒裝方式都一樣, 目的也相同 (1.比較正式 2.強調是較不可能發生)通常把 should 放主詞前 .

    If it rains, I'll stay at home. (會話)

    改成: Should it rain, I'll stay at home. (比較正式)

    If you decide to withdraw from the agreement, please phone me by Friday. (會話)

    改成: Should you decide to cancel the concert, please let me know by Friday. (較正式)

    If he had not resigned, we would have been forced to sack him. (會話)

    改成: Had he not resigned, we would have been obliged to give hime the sack. (較正式)

    If she were to find out that he was cheating on her, she would go mad. (會話)

    改成: Were she to find out that he was seeing someone else, she'd go berserk. (較正式)

    以上資料, 是由 BBC 英國國家廣播電視電台官方網站解答, 翻譯節錄. 有一位法國學生和一名叫Marcela的聽眾和你有相同疑問.

    可進入網站: bbc.co.uk 國際版 (world service/international version)

    learning English/Grammar and vocabulary找到上述資料.

    2006-03-25 03:22:04 補充:

    進入BBC上述網站後關鍵字如下:假設語氣: hypothesizing (first, second and third conditionals)倒裝句: inverted sentences假設語氣(與事實相反句型 = second and third conditionals)的基本型, 都是將要表達的句子, 往前推一層時態, 碰到 be 動詞變成過去式時, 若是可用was 而用were 也是表達正式場合文體的狀況, 通常, 還會把其他會話用字, 改成正式文體用字 (如以上例句).

    2006-03-25 23:21:48 補充:

    希望keitt去查閱我提供的參考資料

    2006-03-25 23:28:35 補充:

    我相信牛津大學的英文課本和bbc的英文資料.

    2006-03-26 02:28:21 補充:

    冰河: I have come across you a few times on this knowledge+ occasion, and trust you love English language. I beg you to study my reference for the sake of the truth, and for the power of true knowledge. Yours sincerely.

    2006-03-27 00:25:16 補充:

    keitt, I saw your vote, thanks. This is enough for me, and for your English.

    2006-03-30 21:12:20 補充:

    上述資料BBC網址如下:

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/...

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/...

    參考資料: 在英國受的教育和當地的生活經驗
  • 1 0 年前

    1. 請問與現在事實相反的假設,be動詞為何要用were?

    Ans:限定用法,沒有為什麼。

    2. 與現在事實相反的假設,如果省略if,were要移到主詞前形成倒裝,但是如果

    動詞不是be動詞,是ㄧ般動詞,可以形成倒裝嗎?

    Ans: 假設語氣的倒裝只有以下三種,其他都不行

    If 主詞+ were/ had/ should.....→ Were/ Had/ Should +主詞.....

    例: If you had studied hard, you would have passed the exam.

    →Had you studied hard, you would have passed the exam.

    參考資料: 文法書
  • David
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    1. 請問與現在事實相反的假設,be動詞為何要用were?

    基本上,這就是英文假設語氣的句型,沒有什麼原因。跟現在事實相反的假設,動詞就用過去式;跟過去事實相反的假設,動詞就用過去完成式。

    2. 與現在事實相反的假設,如果省略if,were要移到主詞前形成倒裝,但是如果

    動詞不是be動詞,是ㄧ般動詞,可以形成倒裝嗎?

    事實上只有"if"子句裡的動詞是"were/had/should"才可以倒裝放在句首,並省略"if"。比方說:

    Were I you, I would ask her a date. (如果我是你,我就會找她跟我約會)

    Had we known you were in hospital, we would have visited you.

    (如果當時我們知道你住院,我們就會去看你)

    Should there be an earthquake, this bookshelf would fall forward.

    (萬一發生地震,這個書架就會往前倒)

    參考資料: 自己&文法講義
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