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Tomb-Sweeping Day, or Qing Ming jen, literally Pure Brightness Festival, is a traditional Chinese festival on the 106th day after the winter solstice, occurring on April 4 (leap years) or April 5 (other years) of the Gregorian calendar. It marks the middle of spring and above all, a sacred day of the dead. It is not an official public holiday in the mainland China but it is in the Republic of China.Qingming Festival was created by Duke Wen of Jin during the Spring and Autumn period when he accidentally killed his personal friend and advisor Gai Ji (介子) and his mother in a fireblaze in the hope of making him return to Duke Wen.In ancient times, people celebrated Qing Ming Jie with dancing, singing, picnics, and kite flying. Colored boiled eggs would be broken to symbolize the opening of life. With the passing of time, this celebration of life became a day to the honor past ancestors. It has become the main activity of Tomb-Sweeping Day for the whole family, young and old, to go to the graveside of deceased family members to burn incense and perform a ritual offering, while at the same time clearing away plant overgrowth from the gravesite.