promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
SIS 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請問 品管”PDCA TO PPPP”翻譯2

Examining PDCA in the context of time

In the 1920s, “plan” implied defining a process, ”do” referred to doing tasks as planned, “check” meant verifying acceptance, and “act” entailed containment, disposition and correction. Though prevention was intended, it rarely occurred. Quality management systems of the past, including TQM, have emphasized process thinking using PDCA to ensure shipment of acceptable product to the customer. The sampling plans were designed to determine quantities to check the product. In other words, the “check” step has become synonymous with “inspection” in many businesses. An inspection phase was added to weed out unacceptable product.

In practice, “act” has become the weakest link. The input to ”act” comes from ”check,” which provides inadequate and insufficient feedback for action. The data available from “check” for analysis in most companies appears to be the attribute type. It’s like counting the number of OKs, although acting on this number has been difficult. Therefore, typical root cause analysis for the rare “not OKs” has been the operator. Most companies have a problem with poor root cause analysis and recurring problems leads them to question the current PDCA model. That’s why Deming promoted the PDCA cycle for problem-solving process by modifying PDCA to PDSA.

1 個解答

評分
  • ?
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    檢視PDCA的來龍去脈在1920年,”計劃”步驟暗指對於製程下定義。”做”步驟表示執行”計劃”步驟。”檢視”步驟表示驗證可接受度,而”行動”步驟包含防堵、解決及更正行為。雖然預防行為是預期的,但他鮮少發生。過去的品質管理包含TQM,強調透過PDCA以確保運送令人滿意的貨品予顧客之程序。換句話說,”檢視”步驟已經成為多數企業對於”檢查”的同義字。檢查的用語解釋為除去不能接受的產品。實務上,”檢視”已然成為最弱的環節,對於”行動”步驟的投入來自於”檢視”,它提供了行動的不適當與不充足的反饋。大多數公司中由”檢視”而來的資料顯示了應加以分析特性。它就像去數”沒有問題”的數量,雖說依照這些數字來行事是相當困難的。因此,經營者已對於”有問題”部分的做典型的根本原因分析。大部分公司在根本原因分析中都遇到困難,並且因為這些問題而對PDCA模型產生了質疑。這也是為什麼Deming先生修改PDCA為PDSA,以發揚解決問題程序的PDCA模型。

    參考資料: 自己
    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。