Charles 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請問以下句子文法?

1. Walking from the dark room,____.

(A)his eyes blinked (B)he blinked (C)his eyes were blinked (Dhe was blinked

答案B

2. When the passengers knew that the brake of the bus was out of function, they____

(A)were frightened (B)were frightening (Cwere to fright (D)frightened

答案A

另外看到的下面例句跟第2題類似,可是第二題答案卻是(A)不是(D)?

When the consultant mentioned his memory, he cried.

請問這幾句文法怎麼解釋?希望越詳細越好。

謝謝囉!

4 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    我來幫你好了,要聽清楚喔:

    1.Walking from the dark room,____.

    A)his eyes blinked (B)he blinked (C)his eyes were blinked (Dhe was blinked

    答案B

    詳解: 先來將正確的句子組合起來好了:

    Walking from the dark room, he blinked.

    這題用到的文法是分詞構句, 在上面的句子裡Walking from the dark room這一句是分詞構句, 舉個例好了:

    Because I was hungry in the afternoon, I ate much food in the dinner.

    (因為我下午很餓, 晚餐吃了很多食物)

    來改這兩個句子:

    (a)分詞構句前, 注意兩個句子主詞都必須相同

    (b)如果主詞都相同, 就選擇將帶有連接詞的句子準備分詞構句

    (c)之後分詞構句的句子將連接詞及該句主詞去掉

    Because I was hungry in the afternoon, I ate much food in the dinner.

    => Was hungry in the afternoon, I ate much food in the dinner.

    (d)但光是改變成上面那樣還不符合文法, 要將動詞變成現在分詞(V-ing)之後句子就完成了(分詞構句前後意思不會改變)

    Was hungry in the afternoon, I ate much food in the dinner.

    => Being hungry in the afternoon, I ate much food in the dinner. (但變成分詞構句後, 必須知道原來的連接詞可能是什麼)

    懂了之後回頭來看題目:

    我從題目上面來看, 第一句原來的連接詞可能是when

    所以如果選(A)的話:

    Walking from the dark room, his eyes blinked.

    看起來好像對, 眼睛可以自己眨(blink),但有沒有想過還原句子之後;

    When his eyes walked from the dark room, his eyes blinked.

    (當他的眼睛從黑暗的房間走出時, 他的眼睛在眨眼)

    會不會被嚇到, 眼睛怎麼會走路呢, 所以(A)的選項是不合適的, (C)選項也同樣道理, 所以也不能選

    接著看(B)選項:

    Walking from the dark room, he blinked.

    => When he walked from the dark room, he blinked.

    (當他從黑暗的房間走出時, 他在眨眼)

    這個選項沒有什麼不對, 意思也很正確, 所以答案是(C)

    至於(D)選項he was blinked, 他眨眼是主動的, 不需要用到被動式, 所以(D)選項是錯的

    2006-04-14 18:31:33 補充:

    2.When the passengers knew that the brake of the bus was out of function, they____(A)were frightened (B)were frightening (Cwere to fright (D)frightened答案A詳解: 在回答問題前, 則必須先了解frighten這個字frighten v(動詞). 使(人)驚恐,使(人)駭怕, A frighten B (A使B驚恐)

    2006-04-14 18:32:23 補充:

    在形容人時, 必須是過去分詞的型態,例如: I am very frightened. (我非常驚恐) 在形容物或事時, 必須是現在分詞的型態,例如: It's a very frightening movie. (這是一部非常嚇人的電影) 另外沒有"人+be frightening"用法

    2006-04-14 18:33:14 補充:

    回頭看題目:When the passengers knew that the brake of the bus was out of function, they____(當乘客知道公車上的煞車失靈, 他們...)若選(A)When the passengers knew that the brake of the bus was out of function, they were frightened.(當乘客知道公車上的煞車失靈, 他們被嚇到了)這句很好啊, 沒有文法上的錯誤, 意思也很正確, 所以答案為(A)

    2006-04-14 18:34:27 補充:

    若選(D)frightened, frightened後面要加人, 而且意思怪怪的, 所以(D)選項是錯的

    另外你還提到例句跟第2題類似,可是第二題答案卻是(A)不是(D)

    When the consultant mentioned his memory, he cried.

    詳解: 因為此例句cried是主動的, 若題目試問此例句, 此例句的答案是(A)cried

    2006-04-14 18:35:31 補充:

    注意滷蛋的意見補充上面回答

    2006-04-15 10:05:25 補充:

    P.S.其他剩餘詳解在下面的補充

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  • WJ
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前

    1. blink這個動詞有及物(transitive)和不及物(intransitive)兩種用法

    作及物動詞來用時, 意思是"(人或動物)眨眼睛", 因此主詞必須是人或動物本身, 而不是眼睛

    作不及物動詞來用時, 意思是"(人或動物)眨(眼睛)", 主詞仍然必須是人或動物本身, 而眼睛則作為受詞

    Walking from the dark room,____. (A)his eyes blinked (B)he blinked (C)his eyes were blinked (D)he was blinked

    因前頭有Walking from the dark room, 顯然主詞必須是he, 而不能是his eyes (人才會走出房間, 眼睛不會走路), 因此(A)和(C)可以先排除

    又主詞是人時, blink不可以用被動態 (人不能被眨, 眼睛才可以), 故(D)也不正確

    因此答案為(B)

    2. frighten在絕大部分情形下都是當作及物動詞來用

    A frighten B ==> A驚嚇B; A使B駭怕 例句: The ghost story frightened the child. (這個鬼故事使這孩子驚恐.)

    When the passengers knew that the brake of the bus was out of function, they____. (A)were frightened (B)were frightening (C)were to fright (D)frightened

    在此句當中, passengers是被驚嚇的一方, 因此以they(也就是這些passengers)作主詞時, 動詞必須用被動態, 因此正確答案為(A)

    When the consultant mentioned his memory, he cried. ==> 人為主詞而cry為動詞時, 當然必須用主動態, 而不可能是被動態 (人不能"被哭")

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  • 1 0 年前

    您所問道的這兩道題,有兩個概念,搞清楚就可以了。(1) 分詞構句(2) 詞性1. Walking from the dark room, 記得是以Walking開頭,只有人才會走路,眼睛是不會走路的,所以(A)與(C)都不可以選。接下來,是眨眼(blink)這個字的詞性,人主動會眨眼,而非"被眨眼"的,所以就不能選(D)而選(B),這類的動詞有很多,比如說:cry, laugh, breathe, smile...都必須以主動的時態來表示。2. 這類的題型,是在討論像frighten這種字的詞性要怎麼表示。這類的詞性,要記得,中文的解釋,前面都有一個"使"字。frighten 使害怕excite 使高興interest 使感到有趣bore 使無聊tire 使疲累...如果主詞為人,要感到害怕、高興、有趣、無聊、疲倦等,就必須要用被動的語態(beV+pp)所以這一題,(B)後面加的是現在分詞,(C)沒有這樣的說法,(D)主動用法,意思是要去嚇人,所以只有(A)是正確的。3. 您補充的句子中的cry, 解釋同(1)

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  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前

    你可是著用因文辭點或因文字點找找看,如果ㄋ家都沒有那可以去"奇摩網站"把難據因文貼上ㄑ,然後因該就會有答案囉~ ^﹏^

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