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? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

”安樂死”的英文文章..幫翻譯..part 1.

Euthanasia is generally classified as either \"active\" or \"passive\", and as either \"voluntary\" or \"involuntary\". Similar to euthanasia is \"assisted suicide\". Active vs Passive \"Passive euthanasia\" is usually defined as withdrawing medical treatment with the deliberate intention of causing the patient\'s death. For example, if a patient requires kidney dialysis to survive, and the doctors disconnect the dialysis machine, the patient will presumably die fairly soon. Perhaps the classic example of passive euthanasia is a \"do not resuscitate order\". Normally if a patient has a heart attack or similar sudden interruption in life functions, medical staff will attempt to revive them. If they make no such effort but simply stand and watch as the patient dies, this is passive euthanasia. \"Active euthanasia\" is taking specific steps to cause the patient\'s death, such as injecting the patient with poison. In practice, this is usually an overdose of pain-killers or sleeping pills. In other words, the difference between \"active\" and \"passive\" is that in active euthanasia, something is done to end the patient\'s life; in passive euthanasia, something is not done that would have preserved the patient\'s life.老實說..真的是超長的...我把它分成6篇

希望大家可以幫我翻譯...感激不盡(痛哭流涕ING)

時間很緊迫...麻煩大家了>\"<

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    安樂死一般被歸類為 "主動" 或者 "被動", 和 "自願" 或者 "非自願"。與安樂死相似的是 "被協助的自殺"。主動 vs 被動 "被動的安樂死" 通常被定義為故意撤掉醫療治療來引起病人的死亡。例如,如果一個病人需要洗腎才能活下來,而他的醫生切斷洗腎的機器,這個病人大概很快就會死去。或許被動的安樂死的典型例子是 "不下使病人復活的命令"。通常如果一個病人有心臟病或相似的生命功能突然阻斷,醫療人員會試著急救他們。如果他們不做這樣的努力,而只是站在那裡看著病人死去,這就是被動的安樂死。"主動的安樂死" 採取具體的步驟來引起病人的死亡,例如幫病人注射毒藥。事實上,這通常是使用過量的止痛藥或安眠藥。換言之,"主動" 與 "被動" 的差別在於當是主動的安眠死時,是做某些事來結束病人的生命;而在被動的安眠死時,是沒有做某事來維持病人的生命。

    參考資料: me
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  • 1 0 年前

    Euthanasia is generally classified as either "active" or "passive", and as either "voluntary" or "involuntary". Similar to euthanasia is "assisted suicide". Active vs Passive "Passive euthanasia" is usually defined as withdrawing medical treatment with the deliberate intention of causing the patient's death. For example, if a patient requires kidney dialysis to survive, and the doctors disconnect the dialysis machine, the patient will presumably die fairly soon. Perhaps the classic example of passive euthanasia is a "do not resuscitate order". Normally if a patient has a heart attack or similar sudden interruption in life functions, medical staff will attempt to revive them. If they make no such effort but simply stand and watch as the patient dies, this is passive euthanasia. "Active euthanasia" is taking specific steps to cause the patient's death, such as injecting the patient with poison. In practice, this is usually an overdose of pain-killers or sleeping pills. In other words, the difference between "active" and "passive" is that in active euthanasia, something is done to end the patient's life; in passive euthanasia, something is not done that would have preserved the patient's life.

    翻譯後↓

    無痛苦的死亡一般被分類作為或"激活" 或"被動",

    和作為或者"義務" 或"不隨意" 。相似與無痛苦的死亡是"協助自殺" 。激活對被動"被動無痛苦的死亡" 通常被定義作為撤出藥物治療以導致患者的死亡的故意意圖。例如, 如果患者要求腎臟透析生存, 並且醫生分開透析機器, 患者相當很快據推測將死。或許被動無痛苦的死亡經典例子是"不復蘇命令" 。通常如果患者有心臟病發作或相似的突然的中斷在生活作用, 醫療職員將試圖復興他們。如果他們不做這樣的努力而是簡單地站立和觀看當患者死, 這是被動無痛苦的死亡。"活躍無痛苦的死亡" 採取具體步驟導致患者的死亡, 譬如注射患者與毒物。實踐上, 這通常是止痛藥或安眠藥藥劑過量。換句話說, 區別在"激活" 和"被動之間" 是那在活躍無痛苦的死亡, 某事做結束患者的生活; 在被動無痛苦的死亡, 某事不完成會保存患者的生活。

    參考資料: 網路
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  • 飛音
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前

    被普通,安樂死「積極」作為「被動」「自發性」作為「非本意」分類。 與安樂死同樣,是「唆使自殺」。 通常,對Passive積極的「安樂死」被定義以引起患者的死這樣的慎重的意志使之退出醫療。 譬如,為了患者生存作為必要,醫生取下腎臟透析透析機的話,恐怕,患者相當很早,死吧。 恐怕a有關「請別在順序是使之甦醒」這樣的安樂死的典型例子。 通常,患者在人生機能的心臟瘋有同樣的突然的中斷的話,醫務人員,嘗試使之復甦那些吧。 患者死的時候,他們怎樣的那樣的努力也不做,不過,如果僅僅立,看,這是安樂死。 「積極的安樂死」,給(對)患者為了注射等是吧引起哪個患者的死取著毒特定的方法。 實際,通常,這個鎮痛劑或者是安眠藥的過量。 如果換句話說,「積極」「被動」的差異據說如果由於積極的安樂死,患者的人生使之結束為了做什麼的;什麼的那個沒完成保持了患者的人生這樣的安樂死,是事。

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