Psychology Applied to Work
Training for Teams
The logic of team training is the same as the logic of individual training, although the mechanisms are somewhat different. The process begins with a job or task analysis, bit one aimed at the functioning of teams. Salas and Cannon-Bowers(1997) described a team task analysis as an extension of traditional task analysis to tasks that require coordination. SMEs are asked to provide information (e.g., ratings of difficulty, importance) on each task in witch there is interdependency. The information obtained is then used to specify team training objectives and to develop realistic scenarios for practice.
The result of a team task analysis provide information about the knowledge, skills, and attitudes the team members must possess to be successful. Salas and Cannon-bowers referred to these as the thinking, doing, and feeling needed for the structure of team training, as shown in Figure 9-5. Identifying the criteria for team effectiveness serves to guide instructional activities in team training. The instructional activities focus on providing team members with shared mental models and knowledge structures. These activities are designed to foster common ways for team members to analyze information and make decisions. Cannon-bowers and Salas (1997) postulated that the next decade will witness rapid growth in computer networking capabilities for team training purposes. Such technologies as video teleconferencing (or distance learning) permit team members who are physically dispersed to receive feedback on their performance.
- 1 0 年前最佳解答
邏輯的分組訓練是與邏輯的個別的訓練一致,雖然機械設備是有些不同的. 過程開始工作手術室任務分析,小量1指望機能隊. Salas和大炮-樹蔭 (1997) 描寫隊任務分析當做副檔名的傳說的任務分析到需要協調的任務. 機械艙被要求提供資訊 (e.g.,等級的困難,重要性) 上每個的任務在女巫有interdependency. 資訊獲得然後習慣於詳述分組訓練目標和顯影現實的情節為了實行.
結果的隊任務分析提供資訊大約知識,技能,和態度隊員必須擁有到是成功的. Salas和大炮-樹蔭提到這些當做認為,做,和觸覺需要結構的分組訓練,當做顯示在數字9-5.識別標準為了隊效力服務指導教育的行動在分組訓練. 教育的行動集中提供隊員和分享心理模型和知識結構. 這些行動被設計養育公共的路為了隊員分析資訊時代取決. 大炮-樹蔭和Salas (1997) 假定下一次十年將的證人迅速的成長在電腦網路鏈接能力為了分組訓練目的. 這樣的技術當做視頻電傳會議 (手術室遠距教學) 許可身體上地被驅散收到反饋上他們的履行的隊員.參考資料： 網路