The Colossus of Rhodes 的相關介紹
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羅得斯島巨像 The Colossus of Rhodes
羅得斯島巨像位於希臘羅得斯島(island of Rhodes)通往地中海(Mediterranean Sea) 的港口。在公元前305年羅得斯島聯邦和馬耳他(Macedonia)的安帝哥尼斯(Antigonids) 發生了一場戰爭，戰勝的羅得斯島聯邦得到大批戰利品，為了記念這場勝仗，他們便變 賣戰利品來建造羅得斯島巨像。
長久以來，一般人都相信羅得斯島巨像是分開雙腿，站立於羅得斯島Mandraki港口的入 口處，然而，研究顯示以Mandraki港口的闊度和巨像的高度，這是不可能的，而且地震 後巨像的遺跡亦會阻礙著港口，所以真實的巨像應該位於港口的東面更內陸的地方。
這座巨像其實是希臘人的太陽神及他們的守護神希里奧斯(Helios)，由建築師Chares設 計，經過十二年的興建，羅得斯島巨像於公元前282年完工，整座巨像共高34米(110 尺)，以大理石建成，再以青銅包裹，及後更被用作燈塔。
但公元前226年的大地震卻把這幢偉大巨像推倒，脆弱的膝蓋成為了巨像的致命傷，巨 像從此倒在Mandraki港附近的岸邊。公元654年，羅得斯島被阿拉伯人入侵，入侵者更 把遺跡運往敘利亞，使這個奇觀的考察更形困難。
The Colossus of Rhodes
Travelers to New York City harbor see a marvelous sight. Standing on a small island in the harbor is an immense statue of a robed woman, holding a book and lifting a torch to the sky. The statue measures almost one-hundred and twenty feet from foot to crown. It is sometimes referred to as the "Modern Colossus," but more often called the Statue of Liberty.
This awe-inspiring statue was a gift from France to America and is easily recognized by people around the world. What many visitors to this shrine to freedom don't know is that the statue, the "Modern Colossus," is the echo of another statue, the original colossus that stood over two thousand years ago at the entrance to another busy harbor on the Island of Rhodes. Like the Statue of Liberty, this colossus was also built as a celebration of freedom. This amazing statue, standing the same height from toe to head as the modern colossus, was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The island of Rhodes was an important economic center in the ancient world. It is located off the southwestern tip of Asia Minor where the Aegean Sea meets the Mediterranean. The capitol city, also named Rhodes, was built in 408 B.C. and was designed to take advantage of the island's best natural harbor on the northern coast.
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Colossus of Rhodes was a giant statue of the god Helios, erected on the Greek island of Rhodes by Chares of Lindos between 292 BC and 280 BC. It was roughly the same size as the Statue of Liberty in New York, although it stood on a lower platform. It was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Rhodians of ancient times decided to build a giant statue of their patron god Helios to celebrate an important victory. Chares, a native of Rhodes directed the construction.
Ancient accounts describe the structure as being built around several stone columns on the interior of the structure, standing on a 15-meter-high (50 feet) white marble pedestal near the Mandraki harbour entrance.
The statue stood for only 56 years until Rhodes was hit by an earthquake in 224 BC. The statue snapped at the knees and fell over onto the land. Ptolemy III offered to pay for the reconstruction of the statue, but the Rhodians were afraid that they offended Helios, and they declined to rebuild it.
There has been much debate as to whether to rebuild the Colossus. Those for it say it would boost tourism in Rhodes greatly, but those against construction say it would cost a large amount (over 100 million euro). This idea has been proposed many times since 1970 but, due to lack of funding, work has not yet started.參考資料： Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org)