? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

救助英文高手,解釋兩個單字

precursor & progenitor 這兩個字的意義的差別

是在生理學的課本看到的

已更新項目:

麻煩說明一下這兩個字意思上的差異

3 個解答

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    因為你說是從生理學看到的,那就給您相關的解釋。

    Precursor

    In biological processes especially metabolism, a precursor is a substance from which another, usually more active or mature substance is formed.

    可以翻成 "前體" 或 "先質"。這裡有個例子:

    For instance, certain liver enzymes are precursors to insulin. Or, this is the opposite of the body breaking down a more complex substance, like protein into individual chemicals for use within the body.

    "肝酶" 是 "胰島素" 的 "前體",後者比前者活躍、成熟;或者,這是一種未被分解的物質。

    Progenitor

    Thing that originates something or serves as a model.

    也可以翻成 "前體",但是這個 "前體" 是生產另一種物質,或作為形成另一種物質的模板。

    有問題再說吧。

    參考資料: Wikipedia, M字典, Glossary of RMT terms
  • 狐狸
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    precursor 肇因..先驅

    progenitor 創始者

    Definition from Cambridge Online

    precursor:

    something which happened or existed before another thing, especially if it either developed into it or had an influence on it

    progenitor:

    a person who first thinks of something and causes it to happen

    差異嗎...一個是人(progenitor)一個不是人(precursor)= =

    F.Y.I.

    參考資料: Myself and Cambridge Dictionary Online(A Good English-English Dictionary)
  • 1 0 年前

    precursor 前導;先驅;前輩;前兆

    progenitor (人、動植物的)祖先

    【 文】前輩,先驅,始祖

    Schoenberg was a progenitor of modern music.

    勛伯格是一位現代音樂的先驅。

    (文件的)原本,正本

    參考資料: 奇摩字典
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