- 1 0 年前最佳解答
The papaya, Carica papaya L., is a member of the small family Caricaceae allied to the Passifloraceae. As a dual- or multi-purpose, early-bearing, space-conserving, herbaceous crop, it is widely acclaimed, despite its susceptibility to natural enemies.
In some parts of the world, especially Australia and some islands of the West Indies, it is known as papaw, or pawpaw, names which are better limited to the very different, mainly wild Asimina triloba Dunal, belonging to the Annonaceae. While the name papaya is widely recognized, it has been corrupted to kapaya, kepaya, lapaya or tapaya in southern Asia and the East Indies. In French, it is papaye (the fruit) and papayer (the plant), or sometimes figuier des Iles. Spanish-speaking people employ the names melón zapote, lechosa, payaya (fruit), papayo or papayero (the plant), fruta bomba, mamón or mamona, depending on the country. In Brazil, the usual name is mamao. When first encountered by Europeans it was quite naturally nicknamed "tree melon".
Commonly and erroneously referred to as a "tree", the plant is properly a large herb growing at the rate of 6 to 10 ft (1.8-3 m) the first year and etc.,...
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- Miss HLv 51 0 年前
Origin of the name "papaya":
The first written mention about papaya is in "Historia Natural y General de las Indias" by Oviedo. In 1535, this writer sent a letter to his Royal Highness telling about the presence of this fruit in the south of Mexico and Central America. According to Oviedo, Alonso de Valverde brought seeds to Panama and Dominican Republic, where native peoples used to call it papaya. During the first stages of conquest, papaya was spreaded to all over the Antilles and South America. At the end of XIV and at the beginning of XV century, papaya growing was spreaded by Spanish and Portuguese sailors or navigators.
Currently, it is considered that papaya has American origin from Tropical America, but according to some authors its origin is from Central America (between Mexico and Costa Rica). Papaya has been grown in tropical and subtropical zones in the world.