? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

(英翻中)請幫忙我翻譯>”<好難阿!!急~

Acceptability is about fitting technologies into people’s lives. For example, some railway trains have ‘quiet’ carriages where it is unacceptable to use mobile phones, and cinemas remind people to turn their phones off before the film starts. Apple’s iMac computer was the first computer designed to look good in a living room. A computer playing loud music would generally be considered to be unacceptable in an office environment.

An essential difference between usability and acceptability is that acceptability can only be understood in the context of use. Usability can be evaluated in a laboratory (though such evaluations will always be limited). Acceptability cannot.

The key features of acceptability are:

Political. Is the design politically acceptable? Do people trust it? In many organizations new technologies have been introduced for simple economic reasons, irrespective of what people may feel about them and the ways that people’s jobs and lives might change. In the broader environment human rights might be threatened by changes in technologies.

Convenience. Designs that are awkward or that force people to do things may prove unacceptable. Designs should fit effortlessly in to the situation. Many people send documents electronically nowadays, but many people find reading on-line unacceptable. They print out the document because it is more convenient to carry and read.

Cultural and social habits. If political acceptability is concerned with power structures and principles, cultural and social habits are concerned with the way people like to live. It is rude to disturb other people, for example. ‘spam’ have given up on e-mail has become such an unacceptable aspect of life that some companies have given up on e-mail altogether.

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Usefulness. This goes beyond the notions of efficiency and effectiveness and concerns usefulness in context. For example, many people have found the diary function on their PDAs perfectly usable, but not sufficiently useful in the context of everyday living.

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Economic. There are many economic issues that render some technology acceptable or not.

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Price is the obvious one and whether the technology offers value for money. But the economic issues go further than that as the introduction of new technologies may completely change the way businesses work and how they make money. A new ‘business model’ is often a part of economic acceptability.

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Don Norman characterizes the situation for a successful technology as a stool with three legs: user experience, marketing and technology (Figure 3-6).

1 個解答

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    可接受將把技術放入人的生活。 例如, 一些火車鐵路有使用移動電話是不可接受的的安靜的車廂,並且在電影開始之前,電影院提醒人們關掉他們的電話。 蘋果綜合微波放大轉換器 計算機用于看好在一間起居室內的前計算機。 演奏吵人的音樂的一台計算機一般被認為在一種辦公室環境是不可接受的。

    在可用性和可接受之間的一個必要的差別是可接受只能被鑒于用途理解。 可用性可能被在一間實驗室評價,(雖然這樣的評估總是有限的)。 可接受不能。

    可接受的關鍵特徵是︰

    政治。 設計是在政治上可接受的嗎? 人們相信它嗎? 用很多組織新技術已經由於簡單經濟原因被介紹, 不管人可能感覺他們和路人的工作並且住可能改變。 在更寬的環境人權裡可能因為在技術方面的變化被威脅。

    便利。 是笨拙的設計或者那強迫人做事情可能證明不可接受。 設計應該在對情勢裡適合輕鬆的。 很多人現下透過電子送資料,但是很多人發現下線的讀不可接受。 他們打印資料,因為帶並且讀是更方便的。

    文化和社會習慣。 如果政治可接受涉及權力架構和原則,文化和社會習慣按人們住喜歡的模式涉及。 例如,打擾其他人是粗魯的。垃圾郵件對電子郵件表示絕望變得這樣的一一些公司已經完全對電子郵件表示絕望的生活的不可接受方面。

    補充1

    用途。 這超過效率的理念並且用上下文關係到用途。 例如,很多人已經在十分可用,但不是鑒于每天的生活足夠有用他們的PDA上發現日記為功能。

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    經濟。 有很多經濟問題使得一些技術可接受與否。

    補充3

    價格是明顯的和是否技術提供現金價格。 當新技術的引進可以完全改變生意工作的模式和他們怎樣賺錢時,與那個相比較,但是經濟問題再進一步。 新模範商人 經常是經濟可接受的一部分。

    補充4

    唐‧諾曼為一項成功的技術表現情勢的特性作為一把凳子用3的支撐點︰ 用戶經驗,銷售和技術(圖3-6)。

    2006-06-05 01:36:29 補充:

    哈...OK阿= =可是我不確定和你要查的意思是一樣的

    參考資料: 查字典的
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