雅玲 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

緊急~醫學原文翻譯 英翻中

Similarly, prospective audits reported in the literature of wound infections after caesarean section, gallbladder surgery and central central venous catheter (CVC)-related bloodstream infections were all prospective, targeted surveillance projects aimed at identifying risk factors or the value of antibiotic prophylaxis. A further link between audit and surveillance is provided by the current programme of surgical wound infection surveillance in scotland. This was shaped by audits which focused on the importance of definitions and methods, including the employment of a dedicated audit/surveillance nurse and economic benefits of the programme.

Potential and partial audit

Many examples of potential and partial audits in infection control are reported in the literature. These audits are incomplete in that the audit loop is not closed. Changes may be advised or recommendations made as a result of the project, but the effects of those changes are not re-audited.

Although it could be argued that there is little point in describing an infection control problem if nothing is done to ameliorate it, much useful information may be gleaned from these projects.

Many audits are concerned with observing adherence to established guidelines, often on a regional or national basis. for example, a regional questionnaire-based audit of infection control practices in 16 centres during waterbirths found wide variation in care of the poor, use of disinfectants, microbiological testing of the pool, provision of face and eye protection for staff, and surveillance of infection in mother and child. form the audit, recommendations were made that infection control policies for waterbirths should include instructions for pool maintenance and decontamination, prevention of legionella, universal precautions and use of personal protective equipment, hepatitis B vaccination for staff, and postnatal surveillance of babies for infection

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  • Connie
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    與此類似,在剖腹生產,膽囊手術和中心的中心的靜脈的導管(CVC)之後的在傷口傳染病的文學方面的預期的審計報告 -有關的血流傳染病全部是預期,瞄準的計畫鑑定危險為原素或者抗菌的疾病預防措施的價值的監視工程。 在審計和監視之間的更進一步的連接在scotland裡由外科的傷口感染監視的現行程式提供。這因為集中於定義和方法的重要性的審計被形成, 奉獻的包括就業審計/監視護士和經濟利益的那些計畫。 潛能和部分審計潛能和部分審計在感染控制的很多例子在文學內報告。這些審計工作是不完全的因為審計環沒被關閉。變化可能被建議或者由於工程提出的建議,但是那些變化的影響沒被重新審計。 雖然可能被表明描述是沒有什麼意義的,但是如果沒有什麼被做改善它,一種傳染病控制問題, 非常有用的訊息可能被從這些工程搜集。 很多審計工作涉及經常關於一地區或者國家基礎觀察堅持建立指南。 例如, 感染的地區基於詢問表的審計在16個中心控制慣例, 在發現寬變化由窮人,消毒劑,微生物水池的測試的使用轉交的waterbirths期間, 臉的供應和眼睛人員的保護和母親和孩子的感染的監視。形成審計, 建議使感染控制給waterbirths的政策包括給水池維護和清除污垢的指示, 防止legionella,普遍預防和個人保護設備,B型肝炎接種疫苗給人員,和嬰兒給感染的初生嬰兒監視的使用

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