昭君 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

專業英文翻譯....拜託非常的急...請勿用線上翻譯

Limitations

First,although the use of a Korean sample was an advantage, as discussed above ,it was also a potential disadvantage.In particular,the moderating role of conservation found in the present study may not be generalizable to Western societies.The meaning and function of conservation may be quite different in Korea then in Western societies.In koern, because em;loyees focus on acting according to their social roles and conforming to expectations,and on maintaining good relationships with their superiors, rather than focusing on independent selves,employees high on conservation were more willing to accept their leaders\' influences.On the other hand in Westen societies, where employees prefer maintaining independent selves and focus on congruence between their values and their leaders\' influence, the role of conservation might be opposite to what was evident in the present study: followers high on conservation might actually exhibit low creativity when their leaders provide transfromatiomal leadership.Comparative research is needed to examine these interesting possibilities.Second, the effect suzses were modest. Third, our cross-sectional design precluded the interpretation that there was a causal relationship between transformational leadership and creativity.

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  • 1 0 年前
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    首先,如上所論及的,運用韓國的樣本是一項好處,但那亦顯示其潛在缺點.特別是在現今存在的研究中,保守的溫和角色可能不會在西方社會中被視為一般性的事物.保守的意義與功能在韓國與西方社會之間可能全然不同.在韓國,因為員工們將重點置於根據其社會角色及對其期待所做出的確認,或是與其上司之間保持良好關係而有所作為而非員工本身,是故他們在這一方面的觀念高度表現出願意接受其上級領導者的影響.反之,在西方社會中,員工們較願意保持其本身的看法,並將注意力集中於其價值與其上司間的影響,故這項觀念可能在現今的研究之中與其顯著的意見完全相左:當其上司在提供具轉變性的領導方式下,在高度受保守觀念影響的員工事實上可能顯示出低度的創造力.比較性的研究則需要檢測這些令人感興趣的可能性.第二,這些效應是莊重的.第三,我們跨部門的設計暗示了再創造力與轉變性領導之間存在著一項隨性的關係

    參考資料: my own traslation
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  • 1 0 年前

    首先,雖然使用韓國當例子是有利的,就像上面討論過的,它也有潛在的壞處。具體來說,保守的溫和派在現行的研究中發現可能不是普遍地對西方社會來說。保守的意義和功能可能在韓國和西方社會有很大不同。在韓國,因為雇員注重他們在社會角色中的表現和期望,以及和上司保持良好的關係,而不是注重自我獨立,保守的雇員較容易接受上司的影響。在另一方面來說,在西方社會中,雇員較希望維持自我獨立和保持價值觀與上司影響的平衡,保守扮演的角色實際上可能表示低創造力當他們的上司表現變化的領導風格。相對的研究會需要備用在這些有趣的可能性上。第二,這功能是不需要太多的。第三,我們跨領域的設計妨礙了詮釋在變化的領導風格與創造力之間的關聯。

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