Ricky 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

after 的用法

After ,before 後有強制要加ing嗎? 可使用原型動詞嗎?時間點(過去現在未來)有差別嗎? 另外中文解釋或不一樣嗎?

Please return to us after sign the contract.

Delivery : within 40 days after order cconfirmed.

30 days after receiving your deposit.

After receiving your payment, I will arrange your shipment.

After received your payment, I will arrange your shipment.

她昨天離開我家後,我看了電影

After she left my house, I saw a movie----這樣對嗎?

她昨天跟我說完後,我很生氣

I was angry after she talked to me.

麻煩各位達人替小弟解惑

謝謝

2 個解答

評分
  • 小方
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. after 及 before 當附屬連接詞時, 以放句首來舉例較好說明 =>  Before/After + S1 + V1, S2+V2.  當S1 = S2 時, 其後面的 V1 是可以在省略 S1 改成 Ving 或 Vpp的, 要根據V1 的動作是主動(=>Ving) 還是被動 (=>Vpp) 來判斷. 2. 除了S1省略外, be 動詞也要省略, 有時甚至連連接詞也省略了, 而這就是分詞構句了.  即以Ving (現在分詞) 或Vpp (過去分詞) 為首的句子. *After she finished her homework, she went shopping. ==> After finishing her homework, she went shopping.  ==> Finishing her homework, she went shopping. (finish 是she 主動去完成的動作)*Before the dog was hit by a car, it was running on the street.  ==> Before hit by a care, the dog was running on the street. (it 要改成 the dog, 才能清楚相同的主詞是什麼).  ==> Hit by a care, the dog was running on the street. *Please return to us after sign the contract. => Please return to us after signing the contract.  (左邊Please return to us的主詞是 you, 因祈使句把you 省略了), 簽合約的動作是主動的, sign=> signing*Delivery : within 40 days after order confirmed. 合約是被確認的, 而不是主動確認, 所以用 Vpp. *30 days after receiving your deposit. 收到也是主動的動作, 所以用Ving*After receiving your payment, I will arrange your shipment. (對的)After received your payment, I will arrange your shipment. (不行滴) ==>  After I receive your payment, I will arrange your shipment.  或用上一句即可.  她昨天離開我家後,我看了電影After she left my house, I saw a movie----這樣對嗎? Yes. 她昨天跟我說完後,我很生氣I was angry after she talked to me.  Yes.*這都是用簡單的過去式來表達滴, 而且你的主詞 S1 & S2不同, 所以不能省略, 醬是對的ps. before / after 其後也可以直接加名詞來用,ex. After dinner, we will have a walk.  Before the test, everyone was so nervous.  *總而言之, After / Before 若有省略主詞時, 才須要注意是變成 Ving 還是Vpp.

  • 1 0 年前

    加ing不是因為after 而是因為前後句主詞如果是同一人(同一人喔) 可以省略一次 (因為英文不喜歡重複) 而省略了主詞的那一句話 她的動詞要加ing

    舉例來說 用你的句子

    After receiving your payment, I will arrange your shipment. 是對的

    After received your payment, I will arrange your shipment. 是錯的

    這一句話裡 收到錢的 和 安排貨物運送的 都是同一個人

    所以 本來可以說

    After I receive your payment, I will arrange the shipment.

    我收到你付款之後 我就會安排出貨

    可是因為主詞都是 "我"

    就可以省略其中一個 然後給動詞補上一個ing

    就變成After receiving your payment, I will arrange your shipment. 了

    也所以你的第一句Please return to us after sign the contract.

    應該改成 Please retuen to us after SIGNING the contract.

    Happey Learning!

    參考資料: Me
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