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匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

幫忙翻譯一下~贈20點~3Q

That the Design Quality Indicator (DQI) currently occupies an imprecise position between being a tool for measuring and being a tool for enabling dialogue has been noted by some of those involved (Gann and Whyte, 2003) and acknowledged by commentat-ors (Markus, 2003; Dewulf and Van Meel,2004). This Forum explores whether and to what extent the design measurement and

dialogue support are contradictory aims. Some implications of this are suggested for the continued development of the DQI. En r-oute, it

will be necessary to respond in outline to some of the previous commentaries made in the pages of Building Research & Informa-tion, 2003, 31(5), and 2004, 32(3).

Environmental Management System (EMS) has recently been advocated for almost all economic sectors. However, the implemen-tation of EMS is problematic for the construction industry. The greatest obstacle is the lack of objective performance evaluation criteria. To overcome this, Environmental Performance Assessment (EPA) has been introduced,to provide assessments in terms of management and operational systems. This paper compares the status of EPA implementation in China and Hong Kong. By me-ans of a questionnaire survey, the difficulties in implementing EPA

are highlighted, the major ones being ‘Lack of technological support, such as training, staff and expertise’ and ‘Lack of com-mitment from senior staff’ in Hong Kong and Mainland China, respectively. Furthermore, ‘Lack of legal enforcement’ is fou-nd more profound in Mainland China than in Hong Kong, indicated by a low correlation coefficient between the rankings of thes-e factors in Hong Kong and China. Meanwhile, ‘Promoting EPA as a legal requirements’ and ‘Inclusion of EPA in the tendering requirements’ are found to be the best tools for encouraging implementation of EPA. Although the difficulties in implement-ing EPA are different in the two regions, the motivations for EPA are similar,with a high correlation coefficient.

就這2段英文~拜託各位了~><\"~3Q

<<這2段是互不相干的>>

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    設計質量顯示(DQI) 當前充任一個不精確的職位在是為測量的一個工具和是之間為使能對話的一個工具由一些介入的那些注意了(Gann 和Whyte 2003) 並且由評論員(Markus 2003 年承認; Dewulf 和范・Meel 2004) 。這個論壇探索是否和在何種程度上設計測量和對話支持是矛盾的目標。這的一些涵義被建議為DQI 的持續的發展。En 路線, 它將是必要反應在概述一些早先評論被做在大廈研究頁& 資訊, 2003 年, 31(5), 和2004 年, 32(3) 。 環境管理系統(EMS) 最近主張了為幾乎所有經濟區段。但是, EMS 的實施是疑難為建築業。最巨大的障礙是缺乏客觀表現評估標準。克服這, 環境表現評估(EPA) 被介紹, 提供評估根據管理和操作的系統。本文比較EPA 實施的狀況在中國和香港。通過查詢表調查的手段, 困難在實施的EPA 突出, 主要部分是` 缺乏技術支持, 譬如訓練、職員和專門技術' 和` 缺乏承諾從高級職員' 在香港和中國大陸, 各自地。此外, ` 缺乏法律執行' 被發現深刻在中國大陸比在香港, 由一個低相關系數表明在這些因素等第在香港和中國之間。同時, ` 促進EPA 作為一個法律規定的和EPA ` 包括在招標的要求的被發現為鼓勵EPA 的實施的最佳的工具。雖然困難在實施的EPA 是不同的在二個地區, 刺激為EPA 是相似, 以一個高相關系數。

    參考資料: 老師有說過
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