? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請問 senior 用法!!急!!!!!!

He said to me that he was senior to me by 2 years, but I found that we were of the same age.

senior用法有錯嗎

會的幫我改依下句子並舉出幾個senior用法跟年齡有關的!感謝!!

4 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    沒錯啊

    be senior to 比...年長

    be junior to 比...年輕

    一般說來,比較級是用than,但以上用法屬特例,而且senior, junior本身就有比較級的意味存在,不能用 more senior or more junior

    e.g. She is 5 years senior to me.

    She is 5 years my senior.

    She is senior to me by 5 years.

    參考資料: Me
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  • 1 0 年前

    1. senior 可當形容詞 (年紀較大的) 或名詞 (較年長者) ,同義詞為 elder,同樣可當形容詞或名詞;您舉的例子 為形容詞, "前者 be senior to後者" 乃前者比後者年紀大的意思,屬有比較語氣之片語,必須記起來。

    2. He was senior (or elder) to me by two years. = He was my senior (or elder 屬名詞) by two years. = He was older than me by two years. (older than 屬正式比較級用法)

    3. be junior to = be younger than 為前述之相反, "前者 be junior to後者" 乃前者比後者年紀小的意思。

    4. He was junior(屬形容詞) to me by two years. = He was my junior(屬名詞) by two years. = He was younger than me by two years. (younger than 屬正式比較級用法)

    Good luck to you... from Naughty and Modest Henry...

    參考資料: Henry周博博本人
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  • 向賢
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    完全正確!!儘管一般老美在口語上多用older than,但是,使用 senior to更有尊重人之意,無論英美,這都是很棒的句子!!恭喜您!!

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  • 1 0 年前

    如果是單純比較年齡的話, 直接用 older than 就可以了. 雖然也可以, 但比較少.

    He said to me that he is older than me by 2 years, but I found that we are of the same age.

    因為是在說一件事實, 所以改為現在式.

    通常 Senior 是指經歷, 或者輩份上. 在美國, 高中第一年 叫 freshman (新鮮人), 而第四年, 或最後一年就叫 Senior.

    另外一個例子: 在社團中會有一些比較參加比較久, 對社團運作比較熟悉, 較有經驗的人. 這時候他們可能就會有一個 Senior Advisor 的頭銜. 有一點像是古時候長老的身份.

    Senior 在年齡上的用法也有, 通常是指 60 歲以上的人. 比如電影院或一些主題樂園會有 Senior Discount, 就是指對年長者的優惠.

    參考資料: 自己 (住美國 8 年)
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