乙平 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

ed和ing-------20點

1. The man _____(promoted/promoting) above Jones\'s head was very_____(interested/interesting)

2. The other people____(worked/working)in Jones\'s department found him_____(interested/interesting)to talk to.

3. Students____(finished/finishing)college in the summer were usually____(choosing/chosen)by the company in the autumn.

4. Clerks_____(choosing/chosen)to be _______(promoted/promoting)were usually young rather than old.

5. The manager _____(talked/talking)toJones did not think Jones was very____(experienced/experiencing).

6. 誇獎依個人很有趣的時候是用interesting還是interested?

7.FIND/FOUND + V-ing,一定嗎?

請各位大大給我「每一題」的詳解!

已更新項目:

第三題完成學業,不是已經過去式了,為什還是ing

2 個已更新項目:

大家對第四位回答的第四題說說看法!!

4 個解答

評分
  • Johnny
    Lv 4
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. The man _____(promoted/promoting) above Jones's head was very_____(interested/interesting)

    A:promoted / interesting

    詳解:promote在此翻譯為"拔升",就是被某人升遷,因為那男人不可能自己升遷,而是受到某人的提拔,因此要用promoted表示被動;後面那個則是指"升遷到Jones的上面"這件事情很有趣,用 interesting表示"令人有趣的"

    2. The other people____(worked/working)in Jones's department found him_____(interested/interesting)to talk to.

    A:working / interesting

    詳解:其他那些人工作因為是主動的,而不是"被工作",因此用working;後面那個則是"發現和他談話令人感到有趣",因此用interesting,而不是"感到很有趣"

    3. Students____(finished/finishing)college in the summer were usually____(choosing/chosen)by the company in the autumn.

    A:finishing / chosen

    詳解:學生完成大學學業是主動的,而非"被完成學業",因此用finishing;後面的因為是"在秋季被那公司挑選",後面有個"by + the company(被公司)",因此用被動式chosen(此三態:choose---chose---chosen)

    4. Clerks_____(choosing/chosen)to be _______(promoted/promoting)were usually young rather than old.

    A:choosing / promoted

    詳解:通常選擇被升遷的員工是年輕的而非年長的,從文意來看,升遷是被別人升遷而非主動,而選擇則是員工主動去選擇。

    5. The manager _____(talked/talking)toJones did not think Jones was very____(experienced/experiencing).

    A:taking / experienced

    詳解:經理談話是主動的動作,而不是"被說話";後面的則是表示Jones沒有經驗,是自己具有的,如果用experiencing則表示Jones經歷某事情,而不是表示有經驗。

    6. 誇獎依個人很有趣的時候是用interesting還是interested?

    A:用interesting,因為誇獎某人有趣是那個人"令人覺得有趣",而不是"那人感到有趣"。

    7.FIND/FOUND + V-ing,一定嗎?

    要看後面的情形,以下我整理ed和ing的用法:

    用ed表示:

    (1.)感到~(一定要用人當主動,因為事物沒有自己的感受)

    (2.)被動,也就是過去分詞。

    (3.)完成的動作。

    用ing表示:

    (1.)令人覺得~(可以用人或是事物當主詞,因為人和事物都可讓別人覺得怎樣怎樣的感覺)

    (2.)主動,也就是現在分詞。

    (3.)進行的動作。

    例子:

    (針對第7題)----

    I found someone stealing the money. 我發現有人偷錢。(因為某人偷錢是主動的,受詞是someone,因此用主動的stealing)

    I found my wallet stolen. 我發現我皮夾被偷了。(因為皮夾是被人偷的,而皮夾不會自己去偷東西吧,因此要用stolen表示被動,"被偷了")

    "偷"的三態:steal----stole---stolen

    (1.) The man is surprised at the event. 那人對那事件感到很驚訝。(那個人感到驚訝)

    The man is surprising. 那人令人感到驚訝。(可能因為他奇裝異服等原因,令

    別人感到驚訝)

    (2.)The man was kicking the dog. 那人踢了那隻狗。(那人主動踢那隻狗)

    The man was kicked by the woman. 那人被那女人踢了一下。(那男人是被踢的)

    (3.)The boiled water 開水(表示水已經被煮沸過了,動作完成,因此就是開水,已經煮沸過的水)

    The boiling water.沸水(表示正在煮沸的水,也就是沸水)

    boil:煮沸(及物動詞),沸騰(不及物動詞)

    例二:The drowned man. 溺死的人(表示那個人已經溺死了,溺水的動作完成)

    The drowning man. 溺水的人(表示那個人還正在溺水,在水中掙扎)

    drown:把~溺死(及物動詞),溺水(不及物動詞)

    2006-08-16 19:03:57 補充:

    針對第三題,"完成學業"是用來修飾students,還原:Students who finished college,是學生主動的動作完成學業,而不是"被完成學業"。第四題其實我也考慮很久,可是一個句子不會出現兩個被動式,況且中文也會怪怪的:被選擇來被升遷,因此則由第二個改成被動式。

    2006-08-16 19:11:24 補充:

    上面的是因為字數限制,因此我在這邊補充,如果有看到請通知ㄧ下。

    參考資料: 以上參考
  • 1 0 年前

    有看到

  • 1 0 年前

    1. The man promoted above Jones's head was very interesting.

    (這一題是promoted因為這是一個過去是的動作;而interesting是答案是因為他在形容那個男人對Jones's頭做的這件事很有趣)

    2. The other people working in Jones's department found him interesting to talk to.

    3. Students finishing college in the summer were usually chosen by the company in the autumn.

    4. Clerks choosing to be promoted were usually young rather than old.

    5. The manager talking toJones did not think Jones was very experienced.

    6. 誇獎依個人很有趣的時候是用interesting還是interested?interesting

    7.FIND/FOUND + V-ing,一定嗎?

    一般動詞後面...要在接動詞時...必須 v. to v.! e.g. I find my book to read.

    而如果在講你發現某個人事物...(很有趣)的話...那則是要V-ing! (但基本上再動詞間要再接上一個受格: him. her. them. us. it....等等) e.g. I found him interesting to chat with.

    ed & ing 的用法很簡單:

    (1) 要用ed時...主要是附帶著一個人的情緒 !

    I am so bored. (我感覺無聊)

    I am interested in biology. (我對生物有興趣)

    I still feel embarrassed about our relationship.(我仍然對我們的關係感到為難)

    從以上的句子...都可以"感覺"到那個人的情緒or對某件事的想法!

    (2) 要用ing時...主要都是再"形容"一件事.一個人等等!

    I found it embarrassing to stand in front of everyone. (站在大家面前這件事是為難的)

    這一題跟ed的例3就有微小的不同...有時可能會誤把這一題也寫為embarrassed;但是...這一題其實主要以主角本身在"形容"這件事對他的影響!

    這樣有比較請楚了嗎!? 希望能幫到你 :D

    參考資料: Myself
  • 1 0 年前

    1.promoted / interesting

    2.working / interesting

    3.finishing / chosen

    4.choosing / promoted

    5.taking / experienced

    6.interesting

    7.不一定

    比如說:

    I find the job boring.(發現這工作很無聊)

    He found the door closed.(發現門關著)...可能是被人家關上的

    參考資料: 自己,奇摩字典的例句
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