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笨魚魚 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

醫學英文翻譯~(勿用翻譯軟體)

In addition, high

centrifugation speeds that are used to enhance

maximum recovery of plasma may result in excessive

RBC packing to a hematocrit of over 80%.

Hard-packed RBCs in citrate phosphate dextrose

anticoagulant have been shown to have reduced

viability and increased hemolysis during storage. 1-9

The containers in which RBCs are stored before

filtration have also been found to affect the extent

of hemolysis. Some of the commonly used storage

bags contain extractable and nonextractables

plasticizers such as di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

(DEHP) and tri-(2-ethylhexyl) trimellate, respectively.

DEHP has been shown to decrease the rate

of hemolysis during storage. 1~ Plastic containers

that do not contain DEHP have been shown to be

associated with significant increase in RBC hemolysis

well above 1% at the end of 42 days of

storage. For example, RBC units that are stored in

polyvinylchloride (PVC) containers plasticized with

butyrl-n-trihexyl-citrate (BTHC) had a mean supernatant

hemoglobin concentration of 850 mg/dL

with an upper limit of 1,470 mg/dL,

另外~~DEHP的功用是什麼呢?

2 個解答

評分
  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    此外,用作增加血漿修復的高離心速度,可能引致紅血球過度濃縮,使血球溶積超過百分之八十。高度濃縮的紅血球放置於“枸橼酸盐磷酸葡萄糖抗凝血劑”內儲存時活力會減低,而且溶血作用會增加。 1-9 (?)在過濾前,盛載紅血球的容器也會影響溶血的程度。一些常用的儲存袋含有可分離及不可分離的增塑劑,分別為鄰苯二甲酸二(2-乙基已基)酯(DEHP),及偏苯三酸三異辛酯(TOTM)。DEHP在儲存時減低溶血的速度。1~ (?) 在經過四十二日的儲存後,不含DEHP的塑膠容器內的紅血球溶血比率超過百分之一。例如,儲存於經丁酰柠檬酸三正己酯(BTHC)增塑的聚氯乙烯容器內的紅血球,上層清液血紅素濃度為850毫克每分升,上限為1,470毫克每分升。

    參考網址:

    http://www.hk-doctor.com/html/dict.php

    http://www.epa.gov.tw/b/b0100.asp?Ct_Code=06X00016...

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=...

    http://www.denghua.com/ns_detail.php?id=1622&nowme...

    (**有關DEHP,請參閱上面第二個網址)

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  • 1 0 年前

    此外,高

    離心法速度習慣於提高的

    最大限度修復血漿可以結果是過度的

    紅血球包裝到分血器的結束80%.

    努力-塞滿的紅血球在檸檬酸鹽磷酸鹽葡萄糖

    抗凝血劑使被顯示了到有減少的

    生存能力和增強的紅血球溶解期間貯藏.1-9

    容器那個紅血球被貯藏之前

    過濾也使被發現了到影響廣度

    的溶血.一些的常用貯藏

    包包含可抽出的和不可萃取的

    增塑性劑例如數據輸入-( 2-ethylhexyl) 鄰苯二甲酸鹽

    ( DEHP ) 和三體帆船-( 2-ethylhexyl) trimellate,分別地.

    DEHP被顯示了到減少比率

    的紅血球溶解期間貯藏.1~ 塑膠容器

    沒有包含DEHP的使被顯示了到是

    關聯和重要的增加在紅血球溶血

    好上面的1%在結尾42天

    貯藏.例如,紅血球單位那個被貯藏在

    polyvinylchloride (聚氯乙烯)容器塑化和

    butyrl-n-trihexyl-檸檬酸鹽( BTHC )有平均數浮在表面

    血色素集中的850個馬達加斯加/分升

    和最高限度的1,470馬達加斯加/分升,

    參考資料: 只有這樣~翻譯的怪怪的= ="
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