Chou_Chia 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

求宗教英文單字

求有關Buddhism, Taoism, Christianity, Catholicism, Taoism, Judaism, Mohammedanism宗教之相關單字(ex:神職人員.神祇.法器.經書等...舉凡相關皆可)

多者給點

7 個解答

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  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    我比較熟悉佛教,下面有些不是單字,有關道理方面的多了一點,希望不要介意:

    隨緣 follow situation

    執着 attachments

    貪瞋癡 desire,hatred,ignorance

    迷 delusions

    放下 let go

    禪 zen /Ch’an

    坐禪 zen meditation

    禪師 zen master

    住持 Abbot

    寺院 temple

    比丘 bhiksu /monk

    比丘尼 bhiksuni/nun

    居士/女居士 layman / laywoman / laypeople

    僧伽 Sangha

    法師 Venerable (eg. Venerable Master Shen Yen 聖嚴法師)

    袈裟 kasaya

    阿羅漢 Arhant

    菩提達摩 Bodhidharma

    觀世音菩薩 Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva

    釋迦牟尼佛 Sakyamuni Buddha

    阿彌陀佛 Amithaba Buddha

    淨土宗 Pure Land School

    寧波車/仁波切 Rinpoche

    大手印 Mudra

    陀羅尼(咒) Dharani / Mantra

    大悲咒 Great Dharani

    《金剛經》Diamond Sutra

    《心經》 Heart Sutra

    《六祖壇經》 Platform Sutra by Sixth Patriarch

    小乘佛教 Mahayana Buddhism

    大乘佛教Hinayana Buddhism

    密宗 Vajrayana Buddhism/Tibetan Buddhism

    默照禪 silent illumination

    傳法 transmission of Dharma

    五戒 Five precepts

    念誦 chanting

    懺悔 repentance

    佛法 Dharma

    五蘊 Five Skandhas

    因果 cause and effect

    因果報應 karmic retribution

    因緣 cause and condition

    業力/業障 karma/karmic hindrances

    輪迴 reincarnation / Samsara

    戒 Sila / precept

    定 Samadhi / meditation

    般若/慧 Pranja/wisdom

    開悟 enlightenment

    涅槃 Nirvana

    劫 (很長的時間) kalpa

    眾生 sentient beings

    煩惱 vexations

    禮拜 prostration

    止觀 samatha & vipassana

    覺 awareness

    雙盤坐 full-lotus posture

    慈悲 compassion

    阿賴耶識 Alaya Vijnana

    六識 - six consciousness

    六道輪迴 six ways of Samsara

    天,阿修羅,人,畜生,餓鬼,地獄 heaven, Asura, People, animals, hungry ghost, hell

    六波羅蜜- 布施,持戒,忍辱,精進,禪定,般若 Six Paramitas - generosity, ethics, patience, effort, meditation, wisdom

    阿耨多羅三藐三菩提 Anuttara Samyak Sambodhi

    安般念/數息法 anapanna

    諸行無常all formations are impermanent

    一切唯心造 all things are created by the mind alone

    應無所住而生其心 should not abide in an object and give rise to thoughts

    空手來、空手去 coming empty-handed, going empty handed

    平常心是道 Ordinary mind is the Path

    生活在呼吸間 our life rests upon a single breath

    不怕念起、只怕覺遲 being distracted is not the problem, staying distracted is

    色即是空,空即是色 form is emptiness, emptiness is form

    回到當下 come back to the present moment

    入此(禪)門內、莫存知解 in order to enter this gate, simply do not give rise to thinking

    參考資料: 學禪的我, 及我看過的書
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  • 如 Ferren 所言,大、小乘佛教的翻譯放顛倒了!此外,小乘也有不少人稱之為 Theravada 的。

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  • 1 0 年前

    只有一點請修正一下,就是

    小乘佛教 Mahayana Buddhism

    大乘佛教Hinayana Buddhism

    這二個要對調, Maha在印度文有"大"的意思,例Maharaja,是大君.

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  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前

    Roman Catholic Church Hierarchy

    1. The Pope

    2. Cardinals

    3. Archbishop

    4. Bishop

    5. Priest

    6. Brothers and Sisters (Monks and Nuns)

    7. Believers

    (written in hierarchical order)(職位順序)

    Others words that you can often find in a Bible (Christianity):

    1. Diciple

    2. Baptism

    3. Holy Sacrament

    4. New Testement

    5. Old Testement

    6. Scripture

    7. The Gospels

    8. Ten Commandments

    9. The Apostles (12 of them)(十二門徒)

    Roles for Christian church:

    1. Pastor

    2. Deakon

    Most of them are words often used for christianity...

    參考資料: Me.....Living in Australia.....Christian....
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  • 1 0 年前

    不回答問題請不要留言好嗎=_=光是找上面的單字就耗掉我將近一個小時!不是懶惰是沒空好嗎!!

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  • 1 0 年前

    find them yourself.... don't be lazy...

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  • 1 0 年前

    太難了!

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