Not until 的用法

學校老師教not until數種句型的代換 例如

I didn't go to bed until 4:00 a.m. last night.

= Not until 4:00 a.m. did I go to bed last night.

= It was not until 4:00 a.m. that I went to bed last night.

我想請問 同ㄧ句我也可寫成

I stayed up until 4:00 a.m. last night.

換成It is...that...的句型呢 會變成什麼?

It was until 4:00 a.m. that I stayed up?

It was until 4:00 a.m. that I went to bed?

我都搞糊塗了 請幫幫我 謝謝

已更新項目:

我也覺得It was until 4:00 a.m. that I stayed up這句很奇怪 可是為什麼呢 跟肯定句否定句有關嗎? 為什麼我不能強調我就是熬夜到凌晨四點鐘?

2 個解答

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  • BABOO
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    not until的句型用法,是這樣子的。關鍵其實在動詞才是。

    學校老師教not until數種句型的代換 例如

    I didn't go to bed until 4:00 a.m. last night.

    = Not until 4:00 a.m. did I go to bed last night.

    = It was not until 4:00 a.m. that I went to bed last night.

    這幾句都是正確的。

    第一句是一般not until句型

    第二句是not until置於句首,因為是not否定副詞,主要子句的主詞和動詞就必須倒裝。

    第三句是分裂句的句型,用於加強語氣。也就是套上It is .....that的結構。把原句要加強的部分寫在 it is的後面,其餘的寫在that後面就對了。

    再來討論後面你寫的三句,這三句也是正確的。

    我想請問 同ㄧ句我也可寫成

    I stayed up until 4:00 a.m. last night.

    換成It is...that...的句型呢 會變成什麼?

    It was until 4:00 a.m. that I stayed up?

    It was until 4:00 a.m. that I went to bed?

    那為什麼不加not呢?

    這是動詞的關係。

    在這裡,動詞分兩種,一種是持續的動詞,如 stay, stand, sit 等,這些動詞的動作是可持續的,這時,如果用於not until句型時,必須用肯定結構,也就是不加not。

    但如果像go, know等動詞,是一種瞬間的動作,你沒有動作,就不算go,但一走路,就是go了。know也一樣,不知道時,不算know,要全然知道才是,這是瞬間的動作,碰到這樣的動詞,本句型就必須加not了。

    不知道這樣的解釋清楚沒?

    參考資料: 本人 英文教師
  • 1 0 年前

    最佳解答怪怪的。

    It was not until 4:00 a.m. that I went to bed last night.

    It was until 4:00 a.m. that I stayed up.

    是表示一樣的意思。

    但是

    It was until 4:00 a.m. that I went to bed.

    這句有問題,不能這樣翻譯。

    硬要翻的話這句意思也會變成:

    「我一直到四點才下床。」

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