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小梓 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

有人可以幫我翻譯這篇英文文章嗎?!給15點喔

At the same time, calls for more efficient use of resources and better returns for shareholders has led them to run down stocks - and push the construction of new refineries down their agenda.

The result has been to tighten supply just as demand has soared.

A more controversial concern is the so-called "peak oil" theory: the idea that the world has reached the natural limits of oil exploitation, and that there is little more to be found in the ground whatever the price.

Although many in the business dismiss the concept, energy planners in several countries are nonetheless beginning to take it into account.

SUPPLIERS' STRATEGIES

Most of the headlines about oil prices look at the issue from the consumption perspective: the pain which high energy costs is causing.

But on the other side of the fence, producers are having a wonderful time.

In South America, for instance, oil revenues are underpinning President Hugo Chavez's efforts to reshape Venezuela, allowing him to fund extensive social programmes and reject US criticism of his economic policies.

Opec, the source of about a third of the world's oil, has a theoretical target price of about $30 a barrel for oil - but Mr Chavez thinks his fellow member states should push that up to $50.

And apart from Saudi Arabia, which remains by far the world's biggest supplier, few in Opec have either much of a stomach for increasing production - or much capacity to spare.

Meanwhile, outside Opec, Russia's oil and gas bonanza has underwritten efforts by President Vladimir Putin to centralise and even renationalise the country's energy sector.

3 個解答

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  • T40
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    與此同時,(油公司)為呼應外界增進有效運用資源,以及給投資者較佳報酬的要求,他們採取行動,調低存貨水準,推遲計畫中預定的新煉油廠的興建。結果恰在需求激升的同時,造成供給的緊縮。還有一更有爭議性的顧慮,也就是所謂的「油產登頂」的理論。這個論述主張,全世界的油源探測,已達自然的極限,無論再付多少代價,也無法再發現更多的地底原油了。儘管許多業界人士不重視這項說法,依然有幾個國家裡的石油資源規劃部門,也開始將此項顧慮列入考慮。石油生產者的策略 (油公司的策略)但是,今日大部分有關油價的新聞報導,都由消費者的觀點來看事情。也就是,多只聚焦於能源價格激升所引起平民百姓民生上的痛苦。而在籬笆的另一邊,產油國卻正享受一段美好時光。例如,南美洲的委內瑞拉;激增的石油收入,使得Chavez總統能運用這項充盈的資源進行對委國的改造。他因而能推行全面的社會福利計畫,漠視(駁斥)美國對其經濟政策的批評。生產全世界三分之一的石油的石油輸出國家組織(OPEC),理論上把油價訂在30美元一桶上下,但是Chavez先生認為其他會員國應把這個理論價上推至50美元一桶。再者,除了全世界最大的產油國沙烏地阿拉伯外,沒幾個油國組織(OPEC)會員國有興趣再增加產油量,甚或根本就已沒有有更多的產能。同時,不屬油國組織一員的俄國,由於石油及天然氣所帶來的意外財富,也促使普汀總統加緊了其將俄國的能源資源集中到中央管理,甚至重新國家化的腳步。

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  • 1 0 年前

    痾...候選1那人是直接翻譯嗎...

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  • 淑芬
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    同時,調用為了更有效利用的資源和較好的返回為了股東引導了他們經營向下斯托克 - 和推建築的新的精練廠向下他們的議程. 結果去變緊補給正當要求有高飛. 更爭論的關心冰島所謂的"人最高的油"理論: 這想法那個這世界有到達這自然極限尺寸的油開發, 和那個在那裡是少許更多到是發現在這地面任何這價格. 雖然許多的在事情解散思想,精力計畫者分別地國家雖然如此在開始到猜想到帳號. 供給者的戰略  最多的標題大約油價看由消費透視圖法引起: 高能的費用的痛苦在引起. 但是在對面的柵欄,生產者在過得很愉快. 在索思美國, 例如,油稅收是支柱總統雨果Chavez的努力到再成形委內瑞拉, 允許他到資金廣泛社會節目和被拒絕的美國評論的他的經濟的政策. 石油輸出國組織,水源的大約1/3個的世界的油,有理論的指針價格的大約 $30個裝桶為了油 - 但是茅利塔尼亞Chavez認為他的傢伙會員情形會推那個直到 $50.和除了沙烏地阿拉伯,哪個遺體到目前為止世界的最大的供給者,少數在裡面的石油輸出國組織有也稱得上是個胃口為了增加生產 - 許多的的能力備用的. 其間,外面石油輸出國組織, 俄羅斯軟革的油和氣體含礦區有認購努力以總統Vladimir Putin到集中和甚至renationalise這國家的精力部份.

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