in-[im-,ir-,il-] prefix of Latin origin, corresponding to English un-, having a negative or privative force, freely used as an English formative, esp. of adjectives and their derivatives and of nouns 像: incompleted, impossible, irregular, illegal
[ex-,e-] a prefix meaning "out of," "from," and hence "utterly," "thoroughly," and sometimes imparting a privative or negative force or indicating a former title, status, etc.
像 ex-member, ex-girlfriend, ex-wife
[un-] a prefix meaning “not,” freely used as an English formative, giving negative or opposite force in adjectives and their derivative adverbs and nouns
像: unable, unlimited, unacceptable, unlocked, unfair; unfairly; unfairness; unfelt; unseen; unfitting; unformed; unheard-of; un-get-at-able
[-ful] a suffix meaning "full of," "characterized by"
像: becareful, beautiful, faithful, shameful, thoughtful等等
[-ous] a suffix forming adjectives that have the general sense "possessing, full of" a given quality
像: covetous; glorious; nervous; wondrous
[auto-] 1.a combining form representing automatic in compound words
像: autoalarm; autofeed; autofocus.
2.a combining form meaning "self," "same," "spontaneous," used in the formation of compound words
[bio-] a combining form meaning "life" occurring in loanwords from Greek (biography); on this model, used in the formation of compound words (bioluminescence).
2006-11-02 17:37:15 補充：
[-ly] 1. a suffix forming adverbs from adjectives: gladly; gradually; secondly. 2. a suffix meaning "every," attached to certain nouns denoting units of time: hourly; daily. 3. an adjective suffix meaning "-like": saintly; cowardly.
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[-less] an adjective suffix meaning "without" (childless; peerless), and in adjectives derived from verbs, indicating failure or inability to perform or be performed (resistless; tireless).
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[-er, -or] 1. a suffix used in forming nouns designating persons from the object of their occupation or labor, or from their place of origin or abode, or designating either persons or things from some special characteristic or circumstance
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[-ian] a suffix with the same meaning and properties as -an; -ian is now the more productive of the two suffixes in recent coinages, esp. when the base noun ends in a consonant: Orwellian; Washingtonian.
2006-11-02 18:05:50 補充：
[re-]a prefix, occurring originally in loanwords from Latin, used with the meaning "again" or "again and again" to indicate repetition, or with the meaning "back" or "backward" to indicate withdrawal or backward motion: regenerate; refurbish; retype.
2006-11-02 18:06:20 補充：
[-able] a suffix meaning "capable of, susceptible of, fit for, tending to, given to," associated in meaning with the word able, occurring in loanwords from Latin (laudable); used in English as a highly productive suffix to form adjectives by addition to stems of any origin