pvwinner 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請幫我翻譯這篇英文文章(急20點)!!

請英文翻譯達人幫忙翻譯這篇文章《急!拜託幫幫忙》    Although some riders make a riders make a ritual of the pre-ride stretch, it is not especially important. Stretching is more effective when the muscles are loose-which isthe situation after a ride, not before. So warm up on the bike with easy spinning, do the ride, and then stretch afterward when your muscles are warm and relaxed.     Stretch slowly and gradually. The mechanism of the stretch reflex is based on a little nerve ending in the tendons called a Goligi tendon organ, or Golgi body. It looks like a coiled snake. When the Golgi body is deformed rapidly, it sends a signal to the brain for the muscle to shorten and protect itself. That is why rapid, forceful,"ballistic" stretching doesn not work.     If you deform the Golgi boye rapidly , it will automatically tighten the muscle. Instead of effective stretching that produces elongation of the muscle, you’ll get the opposite result when your muscles contract. On the other hand, when the muscle is warm and fatigued, the Golgi body is much more relaxed. If you go slowly, you’ll get a better stretch.    For a sports-specific stretching program, consult a book on the subject. The classic in this field is Bob Anderson’s Stretching. Check out www.stretching.com for more information. If you have difficulty with tendinitis or want more flexibility so you can lower your stem for better aerodynamics, you may want a stretching program that is more individualized and customized just for you. Consult a physical therapist or athletic trainer.    For stretches that target specific injuries, see Chapter 19. 

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  • mio
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    雖然一些騎自行車的人會在騎車前做些伸展的例行的動作,但他不是非常重要。當肌肉比較鬆散的時候伸展比較有效用。也就是說不要在騎車前伸展而是要騎車後才做這個動作。所以用一些簡單的旋轉來做為騎自行車的暖身,再去騎。之後當你的肌肉已經暖身過且較輕鬆的時候再來做伸展的動作。

    慢慢的伸展,伸展反應的機制是在於一個叫做Golgi腱器官或是Golgi組織的那個腱的神經末稍。他看起來很像盤起來的蛇。當那個Golgi組織很快的變形的時候,會發出一個信號給的大腦讓肌肉縮起並產生自我保護的功用,這就是為什麼快速又有力又誇張的伸張運動並沒有效的原因。

    當你很快的讓Golgi組織變形,它會自動的繃緊肌肉,除了有效的伸展可以使肌肉延伸以外,當你的肌肉收縮之下他也會產生相反的結果。換句話說,當肌肉已經暖身過且放鬆的時候,Golgi組織也比較輕鬆。如果你慢慢的走,你將會有比較好的伸展。

    在特別針對運動方面的伸展活動,參考這方面主題的書。在這個方面經典的莫過於是鮑伯安德森的"伸展"。參考www.stretchig.com這個網站會得到較多的資訊。如果你有腱炎方面的問題或是想要較有彈性 就像較好的空氣動力學的話你就可以降低你的船頭。或許你想要有較個人化或客製化的伸展的專案,那就去參考物理治療家或是運動員的教練

    針對受傷方面的伸展運動,請看第19章

    參考資料: 好累
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