1. 出處 (誰講的或是從哪本書出來)
患難見真情 A friend in need is a friend indeed.
集思廣益 Two heads are better than one
熟能生巧 Practice makes perfect
一石二鳥 Kill two birds with one stone
隔牆有耳 Walls have ears.
滴水穿石 Constant dripping wears away the stone.
沉默是金 Silence is golden.
本性難移A leopard cannot change his spots.
- 1 0 年前最佳解答
~~~A friend in need is a friend indeed.~~~
A version of this proverb was known by the 3rd century BC. Quintus Ennius wrote: 'Amicu certus in re incerta cernitur'. This translates from the Latin as 'a sure friend is known when in difficulty'.
The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations lists it as existing in English from the 11th century. The earliest version I can find is from Caxton's, 'Sonnes of Aymon', 1489:
"It is sayd, that at the nede the frende is knowen."
The morality play 'Everyman' also contains similar lines. The play's date is uncertain and scholars place it a 'late 15th century', which could be before Caxton's work:
Fellowship: Sir, I say as I will do in deed.
Everyman: Then be you a good friend at need;
~~~Practice makes perfect~~~
The proverb has been traced back to the 1550s-1560s, when its form was 'Use makes perfect.' The Latin version is: 'Uses promptos facit.' First attested in the United States in 'Diary and Autobiography of John Adams' (1761)." From "Random House Dictionary of Popular Proverbs and Sayings" by Gregory Y. Titelman (Random House, New York, 1996).
~~~Kill two birds with one stone~~~
"Achieve two objectives with a single effort. It would be remarkable indeed if someone slinging a stone at a bird got one bird, let alone two. Ovid had a similar expression in L*tin nearly 2,000 years ago. Related phrases were in English and French literature by the 16th century. Thomas Hobbes used the modern version in a work on liberty in 1656: 'T. H. thinks to kill two birds with one stone, and satisfy two arguments with one answer.'" "Dictionary of Cliches" by James Rogers (Wings Books, Originally New York: Facts on File Publications, 1985).
~~~A leopard cannot change his spots.~~~
From the Bible. Jeremiah 13:23:
"Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots? then may ye also do good, that are accustomed to do evil."
2006-11-12 20:05:46 補充：
Constant dripping wears away the stone.~~The Story: Zhang Guaiya was the magistrate of Chongyang. One day, he was walking around the government building for an inspection. Suddenly, he saw a junior keeper slipping out of the coffers building in a flurry with a copper coin hidden under his turban.
2006-11-12 20:06:34 補充：
Zhang Guaiya asked him what was happening. The keeper could not get away with a vague answer and admitted that he had stolen the coin from the coffers. So Zhang Guaiya had the keeper taken to the courtroom and beaten. Pleading not guilty, the keeper cried out:
2006-11-12 20:06:54 補充：
"What does a copper coin amount to? Now you are beating me. Dare you kill me?" Angered by his defiance, Zhang Guaiya promptly picked up a red-inked writing brush and wrote: "A copper a day makes a thousand coppers in a thousand days.
2006-11-12 20:07:05 補充：
A hemp rope can saw up wood and drips of water can penetrate a rock." Throwing down the writing brush, he drew his sword and killed the keeper with his own hands.
2006-11-12 20:08:33 補充：
Silence is golden.~~"It is best not to speak. Now also used in the sense that quiet is a priceless gift. The proverb has been traced back to 1865, and was first attested in the United States in 'Changes' (1923) by H.W. Nevinson.
2006-11-12 20:08:49 補充：
"From the "Random House Dictionary of Popular Proverbs and Sayings" (1996) by Gregory Y. Titelman (Random House, New York, 1996).
2006-11-12 20:10:17 補充：
Here are some related entries from "A Dictionary of American Proverbs" by Wolfgang Mieder, Stewart A. Kingsbury & Kelsie B. Harder. There must be some ancient association between speech and silver.
2006-11-12 20:10:27 補充：
"Speech is silver. Silence is golden." "Words are silver and silence is gold." "The tongue of the just is a choice silver, the heart of the wicked is little worth."
2006-11-13 23:45:52 補充：
~~Two heads are better than one~~
只找到Russian saying "One head is good, but two heads are better."太口語話了,沒有更進一步的資料參考資料： internet resource